Category Archives: PFDJ and It’s Ideology

Alliance of Communist Party of South Africa and PFDJ Regime: For what?

Bizarre Diplomatic Relationship

Whenever one mentions South Africa, “the Apartheid system” and “Nelson Mandela” are a universal flash to everyone. The first being a racial taboo imposed by the whites and the later a man who fought to end the system.

nelson-mandelaThese two extremes converged at one once the Apartheid system was abolished and Mandela triumphed after his long quest to complete South African emancipation.  Since then, South Africa became the hub of tolerance and human dignity.

I am not here today to talk about South Africa or the system that had ruined the rights of SOuth Africans but about silent and wierd relationship a South African Diplomat and a Communist Party of South Africa have with one of the extremely totalitarian regime in Africa, the PFDJ Regime of Eritrea.

South Africa opened its embassy in Eritrea in the year of 2004. Prior to that, there was no noticeable diplomatic relationships and I rarely read news about South Africa in the Eritrean news outlets.

However, with the assignment of new ambassador(2012), South Africa started to surface on major political, cultural and business news activities via Eritrean and some South African news outlets. But I was not aware who was behind these new movements until I came to know an Ambassador named Iqbal Jhazbhay.

The first time Ambassador  Iqbal Jhazbhay came to my attention was when he participated in Bologna Festival held in July 2014 by PFDJ on the occassion of 40th anniversary of one of EPLF’s historical festival during the armed struggle. He was the only foreign diplomat who participated in the festival and delivered a speech. 

Another event that forced me to pay a closer look was on October 30, 2014, when Asmara hosted first of its kind festival organized in collaboration with the office of the South African Embassy and PFDJ regime. The festival which is held on the occasion to mark 10th anniversary of Eritrean-South African ties is nothing but a political exhaustion. According to the report, Professor Iqbal Jhazbhay explained to the participants the festival will enhance the political, economic, cultural, as well as diplomatic relations between the two countries.

Professor Iqbal Jhazbhay : Who is he?

Professor Iqbal Jhazbhay was a South African Ambassador to Eritrea from 2012 to 2016. As an Ambassador, he had a mission to accomplish in line to the interest of South Africa in Eritrea. However, his diplomatic mission had a nature of secretive and unusual merge between business and political interests.

Inspite of some public funfares and mass media appearances, neither the people nor the country represented had any transparent and known diplomatic relationships. From what I tried to follow, it wast purely business oriented, exploitative and camouflaged friendship that aimed at extracting the natural resources of Eritrea via PFDJ and South African mining companies and active duties in the political affairs of Eritrea including in the participation of diaspora festivals and meetings organized by PFDJ. In addition, Professor Iqbal’s appeared to have a strong interest in the geo-politics of the horn of Africa, especially Somalia.

In many occasions, he appeared to represent Eritrea in diplomatic missions. Usually accompanied by Ambassador Tesfamichale Gerahtu, there could be some link between these diplomats that dates back to early 2000.

But, who is Professor Iqbal Jhazbhay and why he accompanied PFDJ officials in some important foreign meetings? Why Ambassador Tesfamichael Gerahtu had strong relationship with him?

Ambassador Tesfamichael Gerahtu’s relationship between these two ambassadors rooted back to early 2000s when the Eritrean Ambassador known for his antagonistic approach was there to dismantle the Eritrean student movement in South Africa? According to the news report, an official diplomatic relationship was launched in 2004, three years after the university student movements.

To look into the bibliography of  Professor Iqbal Jhazbhay, in his linkdin profile, the following information is written.

“Iqbal Jhazbhay is South Africa’s Ambassador to the State of Eritrea. Formerly Professor at the University of South Africa and the previous Director of the Unisa Centre for Arabic and Islamic Studies. He holds a PhD in International Relations from the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa and, studied Arabic and Islamic sciences in Cairo, Riyadh, Manchester and Johannesburg. 

His research interests include Islam in Somaliland and Somalia, South African Islam, Sufism, Political Islam, South African foreign policy towards North Africa and the Middle East, international relations and Islam. 

He was a visiting scholar at Princeton University’s Department of Near Eastern Studies and London University’s School of Oriental and African Studies.

He has authored the book, ”Somaliland: An African struggle for nationhood and international recognition”, some twenty-two academic articles and chapters on Islamic thought, Somaliland and South African foreign policy.

He is a member of the board of directors of the Institute for Global Dialogue –an International Relations think-tank established by former President Nelson Mandela. Serves on the ANC’s NEC Sub-Committee of International Relations, its newly-formed International Relations Rapid Response Task Team and chaired the ANC’s Sudan Task Team. He previously served on the ANC’s Commission for Religious Affairs. He was elected as Rapporteur of the ANC’s International Solidarity Conference (2012).”

Well, here we get some traces of this good Ambassador to be a good fortune for PFDJ cover-up. The professor known for his academic studies related with Somalia and PFDJ’s link and involvement in the Somalia’s affairs, no one can be worth enough to be a firsthand good friend for an evil diplomatic relationships.

Of course, there are some South African companies which are operating in mining activities. And from far, the diplomatic relationships can be somehow bizarre to an observer from far and can be taken for granted. But the truth might be different especially by looking into the biography of the Ambassador and the ruling Junta. Ambassador Tesfamichael is good in this kind of diplomatic friendships and indeed his mission to South Africa is still on ground.

In an interview done with Somaliland Times on January 16, 2004, the website has also recorded Professor Iqbal Jhazbhay’s background as, “A  director of Johannesburg-based Institute of Global Dialogue and is also convener of the Middle East study group at the South African Institute of International Affairs.” This shows that the professor’s presence in Eritrea is beyond his official diplomatic mission.

Eritrea has a sanction imposed by UN in relation to its link with Al-Shabab and other forces that override the peace of the horn of Africa. I do not have any information whether South Africa involves in Somalia or in other horn African countries, but the presence of this ambassador in Eritrea is something that has to be investigated further.

What the Communist Party of South Africa is doing in Eritrea?

I thought South Africa is a liberal democratic country with political parties who favor human rights. After experiencing a system of extreme racial discrimination, it is hard to imagine anyone from South Africa ignores what a dictatorial state is. Unfortunately, one of the oldest political party from South Africa is seeking alliance with one of the most brutal regime Africa has ever faced after the end of cold war.

Communist Party of South Africa was founded in 1921. For its role in the struggle against aparthaid, it was banned as a legal political party in South Africa but has played a role in the termination of Aparthaid system by allying itself with other political forces, called the Triparthite Allaince. Nevertheless, it managed to strive throughout the Aparthaid period and some of its leading members were part of the post-aparthaid government. And the party was abandoning its socialism concept and came to conclude that that Stalinism had failed. As a party it continued to exist by sharing power with African National Congress and Congress of South African Trade Unions.

Though its political influence is insignificant, the intention to expand its alliance with the Eritrean totalitarian regimes is a sign of the revival of its old political ideology. Such kind of alliance unique and it deserves full scrunity. The visit was accompanied by Professor Iqbal Jhazbhay and three other SACP members.

With the coming of Professor Iqbal Jhazbhay there was a semi-transparent relationship between SACP and its alliance with the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice(PFDJ) as it was highlighted above. What makes this relationship unique is that eventhough Professor Iqbal Jhazbhay was an ambassador who represented South Africa, what he did and still continuing to do is too strengthen the relationship at a party level.

It might seem a conspiracy theory but with the on-going geopolitical development of the horn of Africa in general and Somalia in particular, SACP and PFDJ could have a share in the affairs of Somalia. But this may seem to far. Of course, with the declining power of PFDJ, to get such kind of party to party relationship has an advantage, especially to PFDJ. As a consequence, it might have an impact on the political landscape of Eritrea. Not only this,  it may also strength PFDJ’s dirty role in Ethiopian internal politics via the Somali region and in the making of Somaliland.

Observing this kind of diplomatic relationship, as an Eritrean, Professor Iqbal Jhazbhay and SACP’s alliance I can imagine its awful impact. I am saying this based on South Africa experience during the high time of oppression. Any party or organization that moves to create alliance with PFDJ can be considered either as unconsciousness about Eritrea situation or does not care about the human rights situation of citizens. And when such move comes from South African political party, it gives an alert how fast history can be forgotten.

Of course Professor Iqbal Jhazbhay will continue his dirty business, both in Eritrea and in Somalia. But, as a people and those who are fighting for our rights to be respected, any kind of alliance with the oppressor leverages to suspend our suffering. On this occasion, I call Professor Iqbal Jhazbhay and South Africa Communist Party to distance from PFDJ. Otherwise, it is against what South Africans, including SACP, fought for and against humanity. Therefore, I call them to refrain. Not only to refrain, but to help Eritrean people to fight against injustice that has been continuing since 1991.




The Toothless Sanction is lifted and the Goons are Celebrating at the cost of Gadaa-System Evangelists

Eurkea Goons!

The sanction imposed on 23 December 2009 – Resolution 1907(2009) and strengthened on 5 December 2011 – Resolution 2023(2011) is finally lifted on 14 November 2018 – Resolution 2444 (2018), thanks to the Qeerros and Gadaa System Grandmaster Dr. Abiy Ahmed.

Toothless sanction left PFDJ powerless

The toothless sanction is lifted from their[the PFDJites and Nihna – Nisu cheer leaders] coward head. As goony as they are, they were campaigning non-stop against the sanction which they were dismissing it as a toothless sanction.

No matter how they tried to make it toothless, the sanction had lots of teeth – double, 64, all diamond-tipped teeth. It made PFDJ toothless. As a result, it forced PFDJ to change its strategy of dealing with its imaginary enemy (the Woyane) from direct confrontation to a more moderate and indirect propaganda supported by proxy-war conducted by confused rebel groups.

The sanction had lots of tools to make PFDJ regime powerless. It blocked the regime from buying arms that made it impossible to conduct direct war, frozen bank accounts and assets of targetted politicians and made travel outside the country impossible which had a drastic impact in diminishing their diplomatic and lobbying activities.

Through the sanction that stayed for almost a decade PFDJ politicians were diminished to a state where they were unable to conduct their sinister political agenda as they wanted. It let the PFDJ political arena to be left with only and only one last option – normalize its relationship with Ethiopia and other neighboring countries. To achieve this, it channeled all its remaining forces to remove any force that made PFDJ unfit for a regional player – the Woyane.

How PFDJ did it?

For good, PFDJ played well with the last card it had in its table – to change the powerhouse in Ethiopia. For this, the Oromos were evangelized through their old but lost treasury found by an Eritrean Anthropologist after almost forty years of hard work.

Once the Gadaa System was made ready, the good Professor stationed himself in Asmara in search of new generation Oromo disciplines who are fearless from Ethiopian rulers brutality. Thanks to the relatively free environment created in Ethiopia, these Social Media Activists influenced new generation Oromo youth were able to organize themselves in small groups, calles the Qeerros, soon emerged as the fastest growing movement against the Woyane controlled Ethiopian government. These youth are literally product of Gadaa System Prophesy.

They were fascinated about their new Holy Gadaa Book. It was not complicated and was easy to recite it. Once the book reached into their door front, it ignited their ego of becoming the players of change. It gave them legitimacy and pride to create an Oromonized version of Ethiopia – the Gadaanized Ethiopian System.

The Oromos adored their new but old Holy Gadaabook. Professor Asmerom Legesse is considered their Messiah. And, they accepted the Eritrean dictator, as their Gadaa-given honorary emperor.

The Oromos, having their own Gadaa system, they became determined to remove Woyane from the Ethiopian House. To do this, new disciplines were trained to be warriors – the Qeerros

And they did it. Thanks to the new Grandmaster of Gadaaevangelist Dr. Abiy Ahmed and his brothers(Gadaa Brotherhood members and their disciplines), once he controlled the throne, he welcomed his emperor, Dictator Isaias Afewerqi to the Old Ethiopian house, the House of Solomon, the House of the Ethiopianists, the House of the Council of Ethiopian Royal Families, the Amharas.

The Honorary Emperor of the Gadaa System, Dictator Isaias Afewerqi

Voià, Woyane is gone for good. And, PFDJ has won, thanks to the newly Gadaa-evangelized Qeerros

Now, the toothless sanction is lifted. The goons are dancing and Eritreans are continuing to die.

What is at stake for Eritreans?

Nothing has changed for Eritreans. We, the oppressed people, will continue to suffer as we have been before and during the sanction. The sanction has nothing to do with Eritreans and was not meant to solve Eritrean problems or stop suffering. Before, Eritreans were subjected to PFDJ imposed sanction and the result is widespread and systematic crimes which are proved to be “Crimes Against Humanity” that is continuing to exist since 1991.

The Grandmaster of Gadaa System and his disciplines may adore their honorary emperor, but for us[Eritreans], he is a brutal killer. One day, very soon. the Gadaa-Evangelists will realize they stood on the wrong side by honoring a regime similar to what they know and fought against.

The world should know that we do not want any Messiah. What we need is just full freedom. What we are standing for is for our dignity and to fight for our RIGHTS and Democracy.

The goons will continue to support the regime and we will continue to fight against Tyranny. The time will come were all justice-loving Eritreans will celebrate for the freedom they are looking for.

The End of PFDJ Lobbying Activity in USA

PFDJ Lobbying activity in #USA is finally exposed when the main lobbying agent, Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA) , is found to have link with Putin

NY Times Just Revealed Russian Government Groomed A Republican Congressman As An “Asset”

Sophia Tessfamarian enjoying coffee with Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA)

Some background about Dana Rohrabacher

Dana Rohrabacher in his active lobbying session

PFDJ is a Male Chauvinist political organization: The case of Eritrean Women

A news report of November 20, 2017 published in the only existing Eritrean news has brought into my attention what I was thinking about the PFDJ nature of male chauvinism. The report, as given below, reports that a conference was held in Massawa to discuss about women in general and women students in particular about mesntrual cycle related topics such how to deal with psychological stresses and hygiene related issues during menstrual.

The conference was held based on a research findings about Problems and Challenges women during menstrual cycle. The research was conducted in 10 schools scattered around the country,

The conference was held in corporation with the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health and other stakeholders[though not mentioned, they are PFDJ members, Administrators, and Ministry of defence].

women in Eritrea

What strucked my attention is about the participants. It was not a surprise but a revelation about the nature of PFDJ control power. Though the objective of the conference was about women issues, those who participated in the conference are dominated by men. Only 13 women were present among 30 men. It is almost 3 men to 1 woman ratio.

This is not abnormal under PFDJ rule. No one has a power to talk about his cause. PFDJ appointed officers talk on behalf of everybody. What makes it disturbing is PFDJ has so many promotions on securing women rights.

Eritrea is accused of committing rape and sexual harrassement to its women citizens which may be amounted to crimes against humanity. Yemane Gebremeskel, Director of Presidential Office and Minister of Information, once said, “rape, like many parts of the world, happens here and there.”

Women are not free to fight for their rights. The only women association that exists in Eritrea is under full control of PFDJ political office. Even in high UN meetings, Eritrean women are accompanied by men who talk on their behalf. For example, in this photo, Ambassador Ghirma Asmeron and UNDP representative in Eritrean were talking on behalf of Eritrean women delegates.

eritrean women in UN

Eritrean women were the main actors during the armed struggle for liberation making more than 30% of the over all fighters. They were supposed to secure a right place by having equal power as men. Unfortunately, 26 years after independence, they are even unable to talk about their most striking natural issues.

On behalf, they are dominated by male chauvinists. Men decide what is right for them and what should do in their life, including their biological nature.

Switzerland: Unrefined Gold from Bisha Mining – Eritrea is stashed in Swiss Banks

On 30/08/2017, Swiss News media revealed a secret gold trade activity between Eritrea and Swiss companies. The trade which is reported of being executed from 2011 to 2013 enabled Switzerland to buy 22 tonnes of unrefined gold that costs about 400 million francs. According to the report, it is not known whether the Federal Government of Swiss was aware of the business activity or not.


Source: SFR

The report which was made available to public first by Swiss News website called in the early afternoon (13:12 European time) and then a TV channel,  SFR, which broadcasted a 10 minutes short documentary has expressed their concern on possible violation of human rights in the site of production and its possible implication in the business.

To watch Full Report, please click here

There are about 32 companies actively engaged in gold trades from Switzerland. Since 2013, they have managed to raise their mining share holdings in the National Swiss National Bank of Silver and Gold Portfolio from USD 500 million to USD 1 billion in 2016.  As shown in figure below, these companies have shown a substanitial increase in their wealth shares.

mining shares SNB

Swiss Gold Trade Companies Mining Share in SNB in 2013 and 2016. (Source: click here)

If we take a closer look, the companies which suceeded in this accumulation of huge money might have benefitted from this secretive gold business activity that might allowed them to save huge money.

Eritrea is accused of forced labour by UN for Human Rights Council for using conscripted soldiers to work in Bisha mining center. In addition to low salary, the environment is not secure to safeguard the well being of the workers and the environment. Currently, Bishing Mining Company is sued by its former employee in Canada.

Swiss Banks have a long history of conducting secret business with PFDJ regime. For example, in 2015, information that was leaked about HSBC revelaed that 32 Eritrean individuals with a savings of more than USD 690 million deposited in the years between 1981 to 2006.