ዝኽሪ መበል 200 ዓመት ወራር ግብጻውያን ንምድረ-ኣግኣዝያን

ነቶም ካብ ሕሉፍ ክመሃሩ ንዘይደልዩ; ታሪኽ ባዕሉ ይድገም’ዩ። For those who do not want to learn from the past, History repeats itself(unkonwn)

ግብጺ ከምዚ ሎሚ ቅድሚ 200 ዓመታት፣ ልክዕ ከምዚ ናይ ሎሚ በቲ ግዚኡ ዓርሞሾሽ ሰራዊት ሃኒጻ ንመሬት ሱዳን ድሕሪ ምውሓጥ; ንመስመር ቀይሕ-ባሕሪ (ከሰላ – ባጽዕ) ንምቁጽጻር ንግዝኣት ምድረ ባሕሪ ሓበሻ ኣጥቂዖም።

ካብ ንግስነት ምድረ-ባሕሪ ኣብ ምድረ ባርካ ሓያል ተቓውሞ እኮ እንተገጠሞም; ነቲ ብዑስማናውያን(ቱርኪ) ብርሑቕ ክፍለ ግዝኣት Sennar(Funji) ኮይኑ ኣብ ትሕቲ ቁጽጽር ዝነበረ ግዝኣት ቀቢላ ቢን-ዓምር(1504 – 1821) ድሕሪ ምስዓር; ግብጻውያን ማእከልነቶም ብስድራ-ቤት al-Murghani ዝምራሕ ኣብ ከሰላ መስረቱ።

Continue reading “ዝኽሪ መበል 200 ዓመት ወራር ግብጻውያን ንምድረ-ኣግኣዝያን”

Pentecostal Church and Pentecostalism Politics in Ethiopia – The New World Order (Part II)

This is a series of presentations that deals with the current political developments in Ethiopia. In my opinion, what is happening in Ethiopia right now is the repetition of past geopolitical discourses. Starting from the Axumite kingdom, the horn of Africa has faced constant interference of the western world and the middle East.

In these two parts, I have tried to develop the whole scenario of the current situation based on four empires/kingdoms: Axumite Kingdom, Zagwe Dynasty, Solomonic Dynasty and the last Ethiopian Empire. For more, please follow the presentation which is delivered in Tigrigna.

Part 1

Part 2

ኣብ ዘመነ Dr. Abiy AHMED ናይ ጥንቲ መርሖት እምነተ-ክርስትና ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃ ዝኾነት ኣክሱም ልእላውነታ ኣብ ቀራና መንገዲ ይመስል

እዚ ብትንቢት ተነጊሩኑ እናበለ ዘዕገርግር ዘሎ ኣባል Pentecostal Church ዝኾነ Dr. Abiy AHMED ንመራሕቲ ሃይማኖት ከንብዕ ድዩ መጺኡ?

ጸላኢ ቤተ-ክርስትያን ተዋህዶ ከይከውን ደኣ?

ልክዕ ከም ዲክታቶር ኢሰያስ ቆርበት በጊዕ ለቢሱ ዝመጸ ቀታሊ ወኻርያ ከይኮነ ኣይተርፍን እዩ።

ኢትዮጵያውያን ኣስተውዕሉ ብፍላይ ድማ ተጋሩ።

ጥበብ ዝሓትት ግዜ እዩ።

ኣባል Pentecostal Church ዝኾነ ንOrthodox Church ከዕኑ ዝተላእከ ከይከውን ምጥንቃቕ የድሊ።

ከም ዝፍለጥ

ፓትርያርክ( Patriarch) ተዋህዶ ቤተ-ክርስትያን ኤርትራ ንልዕሊ 12 ዓመታት ኣብ ማሕዩር ይርከቡ። እዚ ከምዚ ኢሉ እንከሎ ግና Dr. Abiy AHMED ዕጅብ እንከይበሎ ምስ ኣረሜናዊ መራሒ ጭፍራ ህግደፍ ብዙሕ ዳንኬራን ርክባትን የካይድ ኣሎ።

ህዝቢ ኢትዮጵያ ብሓፈሻ፣ ህዝቢ ትግራይ ድና ብፍላይ ንዚ ጉዳይ ብዕቱብ ሒዙ ከስተውዕለሉ ይግባእ። እንተዘይኮነ እታ ጥንታዊት ኣፍደገ ክርስትና ዝኾነት ኣክሱም ልእላውነታ ኣብ ሓደጋ ክወድቕ ተኽእሎ ዘሎ ይመስል።

East Africa: From Marxism to Pseudo-Liberalism

The New East Africa seems to move out from Marxism to embrace a vague democratic recovery lead by pseudo liberalism ideology. This is somehow a transition from the failed godless state bureaucracy to a God/god fearing government. To accomplish this, the USA invented spiritual movement is playing a great in controlling the mind of the people by replacing those already existing orthodoxy religions that were killing each other for the last 1400 years or so.

The new spiritual movementism, commonly called Pentecostalism in Christianity, or Sufism in Islam, Judiasm in Jewish religion, Yoga in Buddhism, etc. is compatible with pseudo-liberal ideas and democratix governance systems. Therefore, it is better to update the decaying mindset with a NEW but OLD methodology to control the people’s mind so easily. To accomplish this, Pentecostalism was the perfect tool.

Since its invention, Pentecostalists were prophesizing the END OF TIMES and coming of Jesus. This biblical prophesy is indirectly supported by some Muslim scholars, especially the Sufists and modetate Muslim brotherhood liberals to acknowledge the coming of Jesus and unity of Abrahamic religions. For this, all eyes were looking for the new year 2000 to be the end of the world. In fact it is the end of the world though not in its literal meaning.

The first sign of the end of the old world was the bombing of the New York twin towers in USA.Since 9/11, the world was going dramatic changes to accelerate the New World Order. Because of unfinished tasks, the creation od Jews State(Israel), there were some delays. The war that lead to the victory of Israel were not complete and there were some new financial adjustments that had to be done.

Thanks to the world economic crisis of 2008 and the killing of Osama Bin Laden, the fall of Gadafi, and rise of ISIS, al-Shabab in Somalia and Boko Haram in Nigeria, war in Yemen and Syria, etc, the movers and shakers of the world achieved great success to end the old world order and inter the New one.

East Africa conducted great military acheivement by applying Marxism revolutionary ideologies although they failed to transcend it to government systems. Somali was the best example of failures. Eritrea has lost its revolutionary ideologysince its independence in favor of One-Man party, the PFDJ.

Thanks to the late Meles Zenawi, he is the only marxist in East Africa who systematically applied revolutionary democracy for governance without betraying the core principles of Marxism/Leninism as a his political guidance. Ethiopia was successful to transform iself within 27 years of TPLF controlled central and highly bureaucratic government into a formidable country of immense economic development potentials.

Now, the end of old times and beginning of new era seems about to start in East Africa. But, what I see as key indicators for this new era seems suicide. One of this is the New East African order which is in place for implementation.

East African leaders should learn from their 2000 years history. Religion was at the center of all these chaos that dvastated the ancient civilization and which has divided the people of the Horn of Africa so deeply that we are now in a stage where unity is a rare commodity. Worse, the new Prime Minister seems confused in the separation of state and religion.

So far, the New African Order is progressing in the right direction although there are some challenges from small countries like Djibouti and the distant countries like Tanzania. Dr. Abiy AHMED , Dictator Isaias and Somalian President Farmago have come together to show their committement for the New East African Order. And, there are some positive developments with South Sudan and Kenya. Sudan is not part of the order, therefore it is not playing any role in the changes that is going on in East Africa. Because the New East African order is strictly for those countries which have direct gate to Indian Ocean and able to influence the trade routes through the Red Sea.

And, it is not only about Dr. Abiy AHMED, the ultra-revolutionary political organizations of the East of Africa, PFDJ and TPLF have betrayed their basic secular principles to embrace religion. In brief,

1. Dr. Debretsion

Unlike the GREAT Revolutionary Meles Zenawi, Dr. Debretsion betrayed Leninism and the ideology of Revolutionary Democracy poinered by Meles Zenawi and he seems to join AGAZIANISM, the rivaval of Axum civilization and Greater Tigray.

2. Dictator Isaias Afewerqi

Isaias Afewerqi betrayed for Maoism and his own corrupted version of Social Justice ideology. He seems to join monarchism, kingdom of the royal family.

3. Dr. Abiy AHMED

The grand winner and the new pseudo-Liberalist, Dr. Abiy AHMED, who seems to experiment Pentecostalism in East Africa, is at the highest throne to represent the throne of ONE ETHIOPIA as ordered ubder the new map of East Africa.

Dr. Abiy AHMED is believed to be the God(?) sent new Neo-Liberalist leader. His ideology is not clear but it seems he is urdent follower of Pentecostalism, a new spiritual movement that preaches the biblical prophesy of end of times and return of Jesus the lord, in short, the New World Order.

Although he seems to embrace liberal democracy, he is in confusion between democratic governance system and monachism. And, I do not think Dr. Abiy AHMED will be the ideal person to lead the New East African Order. He will be just a useful pseudo-liberalist that could help Ethiopian transition from revolutionary democracy to liberal democracy through the help of the hidden hands of powerful forces.

Ottomonization of Tigray Region of Ethiopia is in Progress. Will it affect Eritrea?

For the last 20 years, Turkey has been investing heavily in the Tigray region of Ethiopia. This rapid expansion is following the grand ambition of Erdogan to make Turkey great again.

To make his dreams come to reality, Erdogan government is investing heavily in Somalia and other parts of Africa. Today, many centers are established by Turkish businessmen and institutions in Somalia.

Turkish expansion has also took footsteps in Ethiopia, especially in Tigray Region. Textile industries are expanding and other large industrial complex centers are under plan for construction.

With the curent pace, the Ottomanization of Tigray Region of Ethiopia is coming soon. Hundreds of hectares of land are now occupied by industrial complex and production is booming.

With the opening of Eritrea-Ethiopian relationship, Eritrea will be beneficiary of the merchadies trasportation through the Red Sea ports, especially Massawa. This new era is another chapter of the lost trade relationship controlled by Turkish deputies (Na’ibs) in Massawa which stayed for more than 300 years(1557 – 1869).

Although Eritrea remained a closed state for the last 27 years, Ethiopia became the center of attraction for investors. And this can expand to Eritrea of friendly economic policies are outlined.

It is hard to evaluate Turkish invesent impact in Eritrea at this moment. However, it is good to look historical contexts that need to be considered seriously for any future business activities.

Ottoman Empire and Slave Trade

Ottoman Empire is known for its vast Slave Trade aactivity in the Horn of Africa.

Massawa was its empire provice city center in the horn of Africa. Hundreds of thousands of slaves were taken through the Port of Massawa to serve in many sectors run by the Ottoman Sultanates.

These slaves were making them unable to reproduce and continue their generation. Because of these, East African Slave generations are extnicted with almost no trace.

This inhumane act of Ottoman Empire in the horn of Africa is not yet told. Therefore, any trade agreement with Turkish government should be thoroughly investigated with full transparency.

Doing business supported by heavy government funds can be a means to colonization.

The recent development in Zambia through Chinese expansion is an alarm for many Africans. And, Turkey has a grand ambition of re-inventing its past glory by creating strong economic ties with former Ottoman empire provinces.

Dr. Debretsion Ghebremichale Deserves credit in stabilizing political chaos of Ethiopia

Without doubt the credit for stabilizing Ethiopian politics goes to Dr. Debretsion Ghebremichael.

His leadership to lead the people and his political organization, TPLF in the shock wave that was generated during the power transition from TPLF to OPDO’s aggressive political take-over is an exemplary.

Though Dr. Abiy Ahmed was the game changer, he did a historical mistake by attacking TPLF and by side lining them in his peace deal with Eritrea.

Not only in Ethiopia, but also he showed his leadership quality to stand firm and absorb the bullying political behaviour dictator Issaias Afewerqi.

Tigrian people are blessed to have such quality leaders who can lead them during times of political crisis. TPLF was supposed to be wiped out for good. Nevertheless, as usual, TPLF used its flexible political strategy and smart move to come out successful.

Respect to Dr. Debrestion.

A brave Speech he delivered on the occasion of welcoming peace deal between Eritrea and Ethiopia. I believe this speech is historical, brave, and reconliatory. 

Eritrea fueling Ethio-Egyptian Tensions as a means of proxy war with Ethiopia

Awate Staff of www.awate.com has translated and published an interview conducted in Arabic by AlMasri Al Youm with PFDJ(Eritrea) ambassador in Cairo, Fasil Gebreselassie Tekhla.

The interview revealed how far Eritrea is involved between the two countries. It is literally beating drums of war. After categorically describing the Ethiopian Renaissance dam project a “politically motivated one”, he recalled a conversation that was sought to happen between Late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi and an Egyptian officer. In his own words,

————————————–Beginning of Quote ————————————————

In 1993, in its first official representation as an independent state, Eritrea attended in one of the African conferences in Cairo, where the then Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi was present. At the time, the relation between the two countries was excellent. And here Zenawi presented an idea: Just like the Arabs sell oil to us, we sell water to all countries. The Eritrean president strongly rejected the proposal, and here, the late General Omar Suleiman, the former head of the General Intelligence responded to him. He said to Zenawi: “And who are you to say that?”

—————————————— End of Quote —————————————————-

The same accusation was brought by Dictator Issaias Afewerki in an interview conducted with ESAT Reporters.

When the Ambassador was asked how he sees the Renaissance dam crisis, he jumped to accuse USA and some Gulf countries[though he didn’t mention, his target was Qatar] collaborative desire to make Egypt thirsty by reducing water supply to the Nile river

In his words, as it is published by Awate staff

————————————–Beginning of Quote ————————————————

Q: How do you see the Renaissance Dam crisis?

Response: Eritrea has officially declared that the construction of the Renaissance Dam has no positive purpose in the interest of the Ethiopian people. The decision to build it is a political decision and not economic. We are not against any development project in any African country, but the dam is not for a developmental purpose.

Q: What is the real purpose behind this “political goal”?

Response: Ethiopia is mainly dependent on economic aid. It is the main African country that receives the most economic assistance from the United States, the European Union, and the World Bank. It is a country that has a “famine” and asks for assistance from the United Nations to feed its people. There are some countries that help it to finance the construction of the dam.

Q: Who are these countries?

Response: Any country that wants to fight Egypt will not resort to a direct military solution. This method no longer exists on the ground, so the last card in that war is to “make Egypt Thirsty.”

Q: Do you mean that Ethiopia wants to “make Egypt Thirsty”?

Response: Not only Ethiopia, but some Western and [Arab] Gulf countries stand behind Ethiopia and support the construction of the Renaissance Dam. Particularly since the area where the Renaissance dam is located is not suitable for agriculture.

——————————————- End of Quote ——————————————

This is a serious allegation that is intended to add fuel for the already growing tensions between Ethiopia and Egypt.

For more details, please read  “Eritrean Ambassador: The USA and Gulf States Want to “Make Egypt Thirsty” at awate.com

Some Historical Facts

PFDJ Allies 

PFDJ has never missed an ally that can assist it to stay in power. Its allies are really serving well to the intended purpose. And these allies are insane as they have their own insane interest. 

Eritrea’s main purpose is to keep Ethiopia as a hostage by creating interest group enemies that can be used as direct agents of proxy wars. I am not sure how pragmatic Ethiopia is to change its strategy, but PFDJ approach is very dynamic yet simple.

Since the termination of border war with Ethiopia, Eritrea understood that any additional war can put its sovereignity at risk. Despite the final and binding Algeriers agreement, the two countries could not come into peace terms. As a result, they found themselves in a “No War, No Peace” situation. Since then, Eritrea continued to play a proxy war that diverts Ethiopia’s energy and forces from being directed to  the North border.

Ally I: Al-Shabaab of Somalia

When Ethiopia refused to be abided by the decision of Border Commission, Eritrea’ s first decision was to make an ally with Somalian rebel forces and put Ethiopia into the game of proxy war. It was a perfect strategy that has served well for a while. Since 2006, it has started to coperate with Somalian forces who were fighting to restore peace and order in accordance to Islamic guidelines. When Ethiopia interferred in Somalian Internal Affairs under a cover of an agent of peace keeping force to back up The Transitional Federal Government and protect Somalia from  being ruled by “Islamic Courts Union”, Eritrea worked with Qatar in organizing rebel forces that fight against the Ethiopia backed federal government of Somalia.

This lead to the creation of Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia. The Alliance created could not work together and the division gave birth of Al-Shabaab militant group. Sooner Al-Shabaab was accused as terrorist group by international community. And it was not secret as it has revealed its alignment with Al-Qaeda in consequent years. As a result Eritrea was accused of arming, training and financing this terrorist group. In 2009, United Nation Security Council(UNSC) imposed sanction over Eritrea. Since then, there are always some fresh allegations that is keeping the sanction in place.

Ally II: Qatar

From the very beginning, Qatar’s main interest was to use Eritrea as a path way to  Somalia. As a cover, Qatar started some small investments. And when a border dispute occured between Eritrea and Djibouti(2008), Qatar became the sole guarantee of peace keeping mission in a UN backed peace agreement. To avoid military clashes, Qatar sent about 450 peace keeping soldiers in the disputing border area.

In June 2017, the Gulf Crisis affected Eritrea and Qatar relationship. Eritrea sided with forces lead by Saudi Arabia forcing Eritrea to distance from Qatar. Qatar peace keeping forces withdrew from the disputed border.

During the good insane diplomatic years, Qatar was backing Eritrea for its financial needs spent in a proxy war to back rebel forces in Somalia and Ethiopian opposition forces that were stationing in Eritrean territory. 

When Qatar learned Eritrea stood with Saudi Arabia lead forces, it ended its relationship with Eritrea without notice and discussion. This brought to an end of 12 years Eritrea – Qatar diplomatic relationship. Though, no country has officially declared for any type of diplomatic rupture, early developments showed that these two countries had ended their relationship.

Ally III: Egypt

After the Gulf crisis, Egypt seems to replace Qatar. Egypt’s main interest is Ethiopia’s Dam Construction Project. Egypt does not want this dam to be constructed at all. But the possibility of stopping from being finished as planned seems almost impossible. Instead, what Egypt is doing is that it is creating pressure so that Egypt’s water needs might not be affected.

To put pressure on Ethiopia, Eritrea is needed most. And Eritrea needs Egyptiance presence to divert Ethiopia’s intention that could potentially be directed to the North. To weaken Ethiopia internally, Eritrea needs countries which have interest in Ethiopia for the same mission. Egypt is a perfect choice. As a result, Eritrea is using Egypt as an means of proxy-war with Ethiopia.

Conclusion

Eritrea’s main interest is not a secret. It has nothing to do with Egyptian interest. Eritrea’s main objective is to use Egypt as a proxy war ally. For the last 26 years, Eritrea and Egypt had no any meaningful diplomatic relationships. It was not needed. And I believe it is not needed now too, especially this kind of insane relationship.

If Egypyt is committed for a sustainable peaceful agreement with Ethiopia, and indeed it needs it badly, no other means is productive than creating a strong diplomatic relationship with Ethiopia and other Nile Countries. Eritrea is just fueling any tension that can occur with Ethiopia no matter with which country it is.

Ethiopia seems not to be intimidated by Egypt to hult its more than century objective of constructing dam in the Nile river. It is for Egypt’s advantage if Egypt coperates with Ethiopia technically to avoid serious risk in the future. At the same time, I encourage Egypt to invest in such project so that it can  share its responsibility to make the project successfull for all those who benefit from it.

Peace in the horn of Africa is beneficial to Egypt. Egypt should help the horn of Africa to create a peacefull co-existence. Otherwise, Egyptian people will continue to worry for their daily life. 

 

 

 

 

A Letter Written on the Occassion of TPLF’s 40 Years Anniversary

(Originally written at the comment section of http://awate.com/tplf-anniversary-celebrations-looks-ahead-to-regional-integration/ by me

I congratulate for TPLF in doing a commendable job by changing himself from a marxist-leninist freedom fighter to the one who accepts political diversity and still keep his prmosie to his own people. TPLF was courageous enough to drop his original manifesto of Abay Tigray and took a universal approach to fight for social grievances. Tigray people were oppressed people and their social grievances forced them to fight so that the source of their grievances can not stopped. They did this by toppling the brutal Derge regime. They cooperated with all possibel allies to make their dreams happen. Once the brutal regime was removed, they look deeply into the prevailing problems of their own people while working with other people too.

There is one fact in this regard, the role of EPLF can not be forgotten. Without this historical link, TPLF’s history is INCOMPLETE. I wish former EPLF members were invited there and proudly express their historical contribution at this special day. PFDJ is not EPLF and hence can not represent EPLF. But officials within PFDJ are still alive who did a great role for TPLF’s dream to come true.

Today, PFDJ is against everything, against history and against peace. If TPLF’s original manifesto was kept as it is, may be what we see today in Tigray could not have happened. They were wise to change their program of making an independent state country called Tigray. Now, it is a state within bigger Ethiopia, state that has its own way of doing things. And the social grievances that happened before has very least chance to re-occur.

Yet, there are thousands of miles to go so that a regional peace can be established, first in Ethiopia, as there still social grievances in other states, like the Oromo, debub Hizboch, Afar, etc, taking a brave politcal decision will enhance by many folds the progress we see both at state (kilil) and national level. The government at Addis Ababa should continue to be brave in accomodating extermists and discuss to end the remaining social grievances. If not, no state can sleep well when there is someone who is still screaming from anguish.

Second point: Addis Ababa government which is still under huge influence of TPLF should be brave enough to end the border dispute with Eritrea. Regional integration within the horn of Africa can only be achieved by respecting each other not by keeping a hostage of each other. the border issue should be and must be finalized once and for ever. Then, Eritrea will also join the on-going regional integration for ever.

Unfortunately, PFDJ system will not allow for economic integration. But, I am quite sure in one thing. If the government of Ethiopia and the government of Eritrea, no matter who is in power agreed to settle the border issue and this is of course the Ethiopian government who rejects the implementation of the agreement, then, the political evolution within each country can take its own course.

Whether the border issue is resolved or not, Eritrea will not live in PEACE with every one, be it with its own people or neighbouring, under the PFDJ system. But, the PFDJ system matters above all for Eritreans. Eritreans can choose to stay in slavery under the brutal system if they choose so or completely dismantle it and install a new system that gives them peace within themselves and their neighbouring countries. Within this context then, the Government of Addis Ababa should pull out the PFDJ issue while dealing with the BORDER ISSUE. PFDJ will decay sooner or later but the border will not. Today, we might feel that the border issue can be resolved once PFDJ is removed. But the truth is not.

We, Eritreans, above everything fought war to make our country free of foreign occupation and TPLF did a big role in this regard. I thank you on this historical day. Neverthless, we removed one dictator and another home grown dictator was nurtured. This is our own problem. Our problems can be olved by ourselves. We allowed a dictator to grow up and we are responsible for this and to remove it, it rellies on our shoulder. If you help us, like what we did to each other during the armed struggle, it is good and welcomed. But, still another pressing issue still remains.

On this occasion then, I will remind the Ethiopian government and historically, TPLF, to END the border dispute once for ever. This is the demand of Eritrean people. We didn’t chose to go to war with Ethiopia, PFDJ pushed us. We went and we fought to keep our sovereignity alive, there us no sin within this. People did before and they will do now. The war for Eritreans was just like as if two individuals (like the Greek history) or kings went to war because of their son and daughter’s love affair. The king (PFDJ – without official declaration and no parliament involved in the decision making process) called us, the same to Ethiopia (though much wiser to decide it at parliamental level through official declarations – the EPRDF lead government – it is a wisdom actually) and we went. This is what kings do when they have absolute power and in the case of Eritrea, it becomes more noticeable, this is what I see in our side, I have little idea on how Ethiopians see the declaration done by the government in Addis-Ababa. In this regard, the government of Ethiopia did everything through official declarations, even for the deportation of innocent Eritreans from Ethiopia. PFDJ government, which I prefer to call it, as the Eritrean government is 100% controlled and manipulated by PFDJ, didn’t make official declarations. He had all the right to declare in reaction. This is a normal norm of governments. Governments has all rights that they assume to protect their country. PFDJ is not a government and hence can not make declarations. What he will pretend is, as a front, he has a right to defend the country, not as a government to protect the country. Politically, defense and protection are different things.

I believe that there exists Eritrean government because Eritrea is a sovereign country. We have all the government structures and above all the people. What I reject is the system installed by PFDJ to run the government. Eritreans did not chose that system but all they believe is they have a government. be it weak, corrupted, communist, athiest bla bla does not matter. And the people believe that Eritrea is a sovereign country with definite border lines. And if there is any foreigner who lives in the country illegally, they have a right to bring him to the international rule of law. In this regard then, Ethiopian government should leave without any pre-condtion from the area that he is living illegally. If he choses, let him get a legal document, a VISA (seriously). The Ethiopian government can not send his people or his army to USA because he wanted so. Or, he can not bargain politically to change a system that he is confortable with.

Yes, I do agree that PFDJ is not for PEACE and development. If it does, let it be. Ethiopians are capable to guard their peace while they are in their own land. Living inside a foreign country can not give one PEACE. And PFDJ is anti-development (indeed he is), let him collapse. It is a very simple economic principle. Ethiopia has lots of gates to make business with. They have verified this throught their own experiences. Home grown and internally focused policies are always the means for PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT. PFDJ policy is above everything an enemy to Eritreans, to his own people. The Ethiopian government has see this and Eritreans are experiencing it.

To conclude, Ethiopian government should believe that there is an Eritrean government no matter what system he has. Then, respect the Eritrean sovereignity. Ethiopian government under the leadership of EPRDF in which TPLF is part didn’t make any hesitation to accept Eritrean sovereignity and to respect what you accept makes you only STRONGER and more wiser. Because, Eritrea and Ethiopia as countries, Eritreans and Ethiopians as people is the scale finally. This is our measurement scale. Systems die, evolve or remain unchanged. TPLF evolved into where it is today, from 11 young freedom fighters inspired by marxist-leninist ideology to EPRDF then to government and a capitalist and some how democratic power. On the other hand, EPLF, initially of the same history, evolved into a national government and was able to form a transition government, a very commendable historical acchivement, just like that of EPRF upto 1994. Then, he handed power to PFDJ and we are where we are now, we see TPLF evolved while PFDJ decayed. It is historical discourse.

And, I call your friendship to help Eritrean people who are in desperate need of help. We have hundred thousands of refugees who need care. We call for unconditional helping hand by all means possible. Eritreans at this time are faced with very complex probles, social grievances, political grievances, ecocomical grievances, just to mention some. For this the minimim demand is basic human rights respect. Else, it will be solved by the Eritreans themselves. Eritreans problems should not be used as a tool to advance the political dispute with PFDJ. Marxists do that because that is how they solve problems. Ethiopia can not be a substitute of our country. We are refugees there, just like the Jews in Egypt and later all over the world. They were not happy till they get a country they call home. Equally, we Eritreans may live in comfort in your country but we know that it is not our home. We can build houses, accumulate wealth and get integrated. But, but, we can not considered as HOME. Home is sweet and hence Eritrea is SWEET. We are only safe when we live in a country that we are attached emotionally, culturally, historically and with the soil that we came from. Therefore, we are refugees in Ethiopia and treat us most. We are so delicate and easy to cry. We are so sensitive and always orphaned. (This is my personal two years experience – I am living in France relatively safe and confort, as a student) but I am missing my HOME, the simple hut, covered by grass, with no bath room, toilet, salon bla bla – but that room is the most beautiful house that I ever slept peacefully and so is Eritrea.)

Voila!!

Congratulations again TPLF for making your dreams come true and I wish you good luck with the rest remaining journey. Long live TPLF.

Tes

France

19.02.2015