EPDP and Global Yiakil: embracing Fascist Eritreanism as their ideology

Historically, Eritrean politics traces back its origin after the birth of colonized Eritrea. Italians mobilized thousands of Eritreans as Ascaries(conscripts). These conscripted ascaries were the first victims of fascism, especially in the 1935-1941 ambitious project of Benito Mussolini to colonize Ethiopia. Mussolini’s fascist ideology has left deep roots among the Eritrean elites of the 1940s and 50s. Since then, Eritrean politics is shaped as such.

To make it short, for the last 50 years(1941 – 1991) and then the pro-independence Eritrean thinking and organizational formation promotes “COUNTRY FIRST” ideology. The country is considered the source of everything. And, anyone is dictated to put first his country before even asking about basic human rights. “Before you ask your rights, first do what the country asks you to do” is a policy that we Eritreans are subjected for the last 30 years. As a result thousands of Eritreans have left the country in search of basic human rights, a right to live freely.

What is now so sad and worrying is to witness such tendencies again to rise. Eritrea by Eritreans for Eritreans; ኤርትራ ብኤርትራውያን ንኤርትራውያን – the most racist slogan, and another similar but promoted by different groups, ኤርትራ ንኤርትራውያን – Eritrea for Eritreans – has now elevated to a concrete ideologies of the now re-emerging political organizations such as EPDP and Global Yiakil.

EPDP – Eritrean People’s Democratic Party – a member of International Soclialist Organization (until its dissolution, 2019) – is now shifting to Eritreanism – an ideology which traces its origin from the Italian Fascism era – a right wing politics. By now, it means EPDP has left its Left Block – the Socialist Block. Well, good for them but we have noted.

Global Yiakil – a new political organization(2018) – has now formally embraced Eritreanism after its first Congress. This organization comprises members from 11 countries in its global umbrella. Since its birth, Yiakil has promoted Eritrea for Eritreans – a right wing politics – and they have clearly rejected any other political ideological tendencies. They use labels such as, “traitors, sellers, country first, etc.” a label which are so common among the PFDJ regime followers.

My objective here is not to exhaust my concern about the worrisome political landscape developments but rather to highlight and then continue to talk about the danger we are entering if these tendencies are left unchecked.

3 thoughts on “EPDP and Global Yiakil: embracing Fascist Eritreanism as their ideology

  1. You are absolutely right, Eritrean nationalism is born from the ashes of Italian fascism, it is true and you can see in their motto, there is “Savoy for the salvation of the homeland” (ሳቮያ ንድሕነት ሃገር). This motto was born during the Italian wars of independence in the second half of the 18th century, under the leadership of the Kingdom of Savoy era. During the battles the motto “Avanti Savoia” was used during forwarding. This battle cry was also introduced in the Italian colonies for which the askari also made use of it. A nationalism that puts the country first in the place of the person cannot be considered healthy, and can only lead to fascism and dictatorships. It is enough to remember in Germany the term “Heimat” where it brought them, and now they tell us about this false identity, Eritrean, (ኤርትራውነት), which is at the root of the country’s problem, first create free people and then if they want they can create their own identity by themselves.


    1. Wonderful add. As you have put, even the slogans we use are historically linked with Italian nationalism. I really appreciate you also to bring to my attention ሳቮያ is basically Italian.

      We need to expose this fascism. Otherwise, we will continue to suffer for the many generations to come.


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