On 14/02/2018, I presented a facebook live discussion about Article 11 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights(1948). During the discussion, I tried to link Article within the context of Eritrean violations of human rights. For more, please have a look in the youtube record.

መዓልቲ 11፡ ዓንቀጽ 11

(1) ብዘቕጽዕ ገበን ዝተኸሰሰ ዝኾነ ይኹን ሰብ ምሉእ ብምሉእ ነብሱ ክከላኸለሉ ኣብ ዝክእል ቤት ፍርዲ ቀሪቡ ገበነኛ ምኳኑ ክሳብ ዘይተረጋገጸ ከም ንጹህ ይቑጸር።

(2) ዝኾነ ይኹን ሰብ ዝኾነ ይኹን ተግባር ምስ ዝፍጽም ወይ ምስ ዘይፍጽም እሞ ድማ እቲ ዝበሃል ዘሎ ተግባር ኣብ ዝተፈጸመሉ ወይ ዘይተፈጸመሉ ግዜ ኣብ ሃገራዊ ይኹን ኣህጉራዊ ሕጊ ከም ዘቕጽዕ ዘይሰፈረ ምስ ዝኸዉን ከም ገበነኛ ኣይውሰድን። ከምኡ’ውን ዝወሃብ መቕጻዕቲ እቲ ገበን ኣብ ዝተፈጸመሉ እዋን ነቲ ገበን ተወሲኑ ካብ ዝነበረ ዝኸብድ መቕጻዕቲ ክኸዉን ኣይግባእን።

ነፍስ-ወከፍ: ኣብ ምውሳን መሰላቱን ግቡኣቱን: ኣብ ዝዀነ ኣንጻሩ ንዝቐርብ ገበናዊ ክስን: ኣብ ናጻን ሻርነት ዘይብሉን ቤት ፍርዲ: ብምሉእ ማዕርነት ኣብ ቕሉዕ መጋባኣያ ብብቕዓት ንኺስማዕ መሰል ኣሎዎ።

30 Days with 30 Articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. One Day with One Article.

Day 11: Article 11

(1) Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.

(2) No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.


1. http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/
2. https://tesredie.blog/…/%E1%8A%A3%E1%8B%B5%E1%88%9B%E1%88%…/
3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KSijGZIfPz4
4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KkW5D6hZTL4
5. http://www.humanrights.com/…/universal-declaration-of-huma…/
6. http://www.claiminghumanrights.org/presumption_innocence_de…
7. https://www.linkedin.com/…/20141023063533-241662330-articl…/