PFDJ Structures: Its Hardware and Software Network Dissection, Analysis and Thinking Beyond

Part III

PFDJ and its Phobia of Statistics

In several interviews of DIA by the only existing mass media showed his denial to statistics. He has been heard to undermine statistical data in his speech and almost succeed in conveying his message indirectly. But what was his message behind it and why he is phobic to such values? Having these simple but critical questions let me have a glance to some of the statistical data that reveal the life condition of Eritrean population in 2003.

According to the report documented on the food security strategy of the state of Eritrea in 2004, the overview of the poverty situation in Eritrea based on the findings of the LSMS estimate reveals the following stylized facts highlighted;
• 66 percent of Eritreans (or 2.36 million) are poor unable to obtain sufficient food (in terms of calories) and other essential goods and services to lead a healthy life.

  • Approximately 37 percent (or 1.31 million) of the poor live under extreme poverty, i.e., below the food poverty line.
  • About 65 percent of the population in rural areas of the country is unable to obtain sufficient food (in terms of calorie intake) and other essential goods and services.
  • With food assistance, about 53 percent of the population lack access to a minimal basket of consumption goods. Further, the study shows that about 50 percent of households require food aid even in good years, while 80 percent depend on it in years of poor harvests.
  • Poverty incidences show significant variation between Zobas where the Northern Red Sea and Anseba have the highest poverty incidence followed by Southern Red Sea.
  • Urban poverty is more serious than originally thought. About 33 percent of the poor or (0.78 million) live in urban areas. The incidence is more pervasive in small towns with a very high percentage of the population below the poverty line.
  • Poverty is strongly related to lack of basic needs in education (especially literacy level of head of household) and health services and access to cultivable land.
  • In rural areas, the poor households cultivate only 0.9 hectares of land, less than the average of 1.1 ha for each household, are less able to diversify their agricultural production and are thus more susceptible to economic shocks.
  • The poor, in particular the rural poor, have larger families (average of 6 persons) compared to only 4.2 persons for the non-poor. The average family size in Eritrea is 5.1 persons.
  • About 30% of households are headed by women (of which 18% are widowed); on average female employees earn less than half that of males and the majority of poor women in the rural areas are engaged in low-paying manual labor in construction and agriculture. Furthermore, female-headed households cultivate fewer plots and have fewer household assets including livestock than do male-headed households. Rural women are less likely to be literate and numerate and about 40% leave school at an early stage due to marriage. Rural women often do not receive antenatal care and suffer from poor nutrition.

Have a look in this video produced by IFAD

Waw, even for me, I hated this data. They really betray what has been told us on the news media day and night on the progress of the country. How can I accept such tangible facts which exist on the ground if what I listen is totally different? Can I deny by designing a tricky method? Ok, if you agree, I am rejecting this reality by simply ignoring the fact and live on the myth created. … I can see your changing face … that is what PFDJ taught me in the last 14 years. I am doing what I was trained for.
Haha, sometimes I like to talk as a crazy minded guest. Just cool down… I am not to that level of practicing my ignorance and preach to the people.

This is how DIA tried to escape from the fact that exist on the ground and underestimate any statistical data. I remember a well equipped National Statistical Office which started its function the early 2000s being non-functional after 5 or 6 years. Of course, the office has to be closed if it is going to reveal what really exists in the ground.

Let me then give my analysis on this and why DIA has a phobia with statistical data.

There is no secret that PFDJ follows TOP-DOWN instruction of working principle. For this, we have a number of reported facts on the cabinet (ministerial) meetings for the last 10 or more years. The cabinets conduct meetings to receive instructions and guidelines on what has to be done within the given time frame. I said time frame, just to be friendlier with ERI-TV. You know sometimes, accepting what has been told is good for rational analysis; I like that by the way. Because, if I reject from the beginning, then there will not be time to contemplate on what it is said. Anyway, to come back on the main objective, DIA has dreams and this dreams is just generated from his mind, just a dream based on good-intentions (?), -don’t be aggressive, just let it be as I said. Tewsakite do baeley ketsebabikelu [Abeyenay tsibuk timnit keyhilwo mukan eko – just whishpering alone].

… To be continued


Courage and Freedom: Opinion

There are two types of courage as well as two types of freedom.

Courage and Freedom

Types of Courage:

One: courage based on ignorance and full surrender- here one is not aware what is going on in him and its surrounding and is always blind to his way of being. And if one is also in a complete faith (as a result of his beliefs or an ideology indoctrinated to him), the n this person has “ABSOLUTE COURAGE.”

Two: Courage based on knowledge-this kind of courage is knowledge driven and is always relative. As reasoning is a tool for such kind of person, so as his daily life is.

And parallel to this; one will have complete freedom based on the type of courage he has.

Freedom based on ignorance or absolute surrender is a blessing to the one who owns it. As he is not aware for what is going on outside his world, he will live in absolute peace with himself. The problem comes when he is aware of his ignorance or absolute surrender to the ideology or doctrine followed. And once he is out, the CRAZY world is ready to engulf him to her trap and live in misery.

A freedom obtained through knowledge is relative and once attained, it never dies. And this person knows what is happening (All WH questions are in his way).

Therefore, there are these two types of free people around us. In the first group, OMG, u may get thousands. But are meaningless to us. The second type, rare to get them, may be what I can say…. pls let u think of this people.

Free people based on knowledge and reasoning and courageous enough to give light to the people.

Types of Freedom

There are two types freedoms attained at three stages.

Let’s talk first on the first two: these freedoms are External Freedom and Internal freedom.

External freedom: Is a freedom obtained from any agent that tried to limit the personal well to do. these are freedom from poverty, materialistic, sexual, speech, beliefs, practices, movements, forced or unforced responsibilities, cultures, ignorance, access to information, education etc. If one is free from these, yet another freedom is required and this is the internal freedom.

Internal freedom: is a freedom of the mind and body highly dependent on freedom of thinking, spirituality, and to live with it.

And these freedoms are obtained through three phases or processes.

  1. A desire to be free-internal motive that is generated from the one who wants it.
  2. A struggle to be free- this could be eradicating all the external boundaries either by having them or just ignoring them as owning could have an impact on the final outcome; such as materialistic, sexual and so on.
  3. Owning your freedom. One cannot own a freedom unless he desires it and fight for it. And being conscious for every level attained and blossom. Absolute freedom is not a one day achievement or a one day ceremony. For example Buddha was for 40 yrs in constant meditation under the Buddha tree after he finally reached the enlightenment stage-which can be called an Absolute Freedom. But in these 40 yrs we can imagine how he was living as a free man to reach that level.

By the way Freedom is a not final destiny; it is a journey that one may need to live peacefully, consciously and wisely by having his own definition of life.


Southwest University, Chongqing, China

June 7, 2013

Meditation on June 20

When I see June 20 on a calendar, I remember HOW HARD is to give life to others without any hesitation. My fellow Eritreans cool down and meditate please. Go deep to the suffering of our people and listen the whisper of the Martyrs. Fresh air is still coming from the graveyard of the heroes with a message, 22 times louder, telling still they love us.

65, 000+19, 000 = 84, 000 and many deliberately forgotten Martyrs are still crying. And this is just for FREEDOM of their people and Land. Nothing more!

Let’s reveal the true meaning of our Martyrs? Though late, it is time to speak out and follow the foot prints of the justice sakers.

1961 was the date where our beloved fathers, mothers, brothers and sisters went to give their precious life for Eritrean freedom. All the ups and downs, civil wars, betrayal, and hidden agendas tried to shift the course line, but yet Eritreans and Eritrea are lucky to have such men and women who gave their life for JUSTICE. Sadly, monsters forgot this and became drunk by the blood of our Martyrs. Shame!

Eritreans gave their life, not for power, not for changing culture, not for suppressing religious practices, not to create a new social order, not introducing socialism. They did not give their life for Eritrea to be ruled by Totalitarians, RACISTS, FASCISTS, and DICTATORS.

Eritreans fought to get a land to live, a freedom to live, freedom to worship and maintain the social norms and values. Eritreans fought to have a decent and dynamic life, not a predefined life.

What we see today is different. Families deteriorating, land without a person to work on, ports closed, churches locked, schools without meaning, youths fleeing, youths being tortured in Sinai and being deported by force, a sluggish economy, many more.
Thousands are leaving home because of slavery assuming being a slave outside is better than a slave in their own village, or fallen to the mercy of charities.
Is that what the nation paid for the last 50-60 years?

Why people are not using the resources we have in the sea, why we are not allowed to use our ports, why islands are leased to foreigners, why foreign companies get in favor to exploit our resources, why human trafficking? Why not a right to justice, rule of law? Why an extended slavery?

This is not the vision of our Martyrs.

Our Martyrs did not want us to cry, but rejoice with the FREEDOM they fought for. They didn’t want a drop of tear to come out from all Eritreans. But, when betrayal became a king, TEARS BECAME the way to express the LOST FREEDOM AND MISSION of the Martyrs.

June 20 is a day of meditation, contemplation, to unite against the monsters and bring FREEDOM back to the PEOPLE.

All martyrs know one, at the end FREEDOM is the ultimate TRUTH.

Glory to our Martyrs
Let Justice prevail




The lowest form of human positive existence is PLEASURE. To have pleasure is simple and can be attained even by taking two bottles of high alcohol drink or enjoy with flesh of opposite sex. But, in the contrary, the highest form of human existence is ECSTASY.

What is ECSTASY and how to attain it is different to different people. To attain the level of ecstasy, one has to go through a number of life experiences starting from the lowest form of pleasure. This does not mean that one has to go all one by one, but are included within the life transformations from lowest to highest form. And these are mentioned below;

From pleasure to be pleased
From being pleased to be in peace
From peace to Joy
from joy to Love
If one is full of love, compassion is within
And compassion generates BLESSING
And finally a BLESSED person has highest probability to live ECSTASY.

My brothers and friends, where ever you are, who you are, what you believe or how you believe are all sorts that need to be understood.

Pleasure for some could be a feeling attained through worldly things and for others through communication with their Creator. And starting from this every human being tries to live life in its full blossom, to have peace with oneself and joy experienced for being in peace. Joyfulness is a way to have LOVE and COMPASSION to oneself and the others. Being compassionate unto yourself and then towards others gives the fruit to eat and this is BLESSING and finally the fruit will ripen and one lives in ECSTASY.

All are not a step by step processes or a jump to the highest form without experiencing the other. And they are not totally out of consciousness for one who attains this. Above all, they are not just a gift nor as a result of hard work to have these. Just they are our way; one may attain them or experience part of them.

But the question is are we really conscious on who we are? And what blessing we have?

The best thing is to accept life as it is with all its hardships. There are times of sorrow, times of loss, times of depression, times of losing your beloved brother or sister, family and friends. This is what life is. Should we pray not to see this? of course one reasonable person will say YES, and still the question remains with the other person alive.

I don’t know what I can say, but life is like that, having all extremists. But living in the positive line is better than in the negative: to have life ECSTASY and this is a linear positive growth of ones life.

Destroying your own identity does not mean the same for history

This piece of my post was written in June while I was in China in response to an article written on

( It was a comment given at that time for what I felt about the article. 

My belief is, history is history. If we try it to manupilate according to our wish, then only we miss the wisdom that we could have learnt from it. History is a lesson that we can learn from the past and make a cross check for what we are doing and then predict for the future. If we miss this basic objective of history, the result is the opposite.

Anyway, have your own view on the article, what I wrote is just mine.

It sounds convincing to the wishful thinkers and those who try to put Eritrean history accredited to individuals. Politics has its course and is up to those who can say it according to their will.

In this article, I have learned how a writer can inter-prate available materials to a desired target. Long time I knew history is according to a writer, but when twisted 180 degrees, it makes no sense to a conscious minded reader.

One basic fact missed her. The writer deliberately forgot “THE PEOPLE.” and tried to pin-point the weakest links and associations of the individuals to an imagined or perceived nature baptized to them. If this short-listed, pin-pointed and dimensional article is according to the writers understanding and perception of the available references, it will only serve only an opinion, nothing more, like what today’s drunk puppets are trying to do so.

Before trying to focus on individuals and their motives, the writer could have traced back the socio-geographic make of Eritrean people. Arabism to Eritreans was and is still with strong foundation. But as I read one fact from this article, Political Islam has never being an issue to Eritrean case till 1975 as the writer cleared and this ideology came only after 1970s political developments within the revolutionary fronts when all induldged themselves on fear based domination and recruiting members of like by killing all/ or at most all the PROGRESSIVE NATIONALISTS which still is complicating the Eritrean case.

With great respect and admiration for the writers articulated fictitious decoration, I would like to wait patiently part IV, but it will be just a fanatic article as Eritrean history is not a history of individuals and is not for boastful and the braggart x-revolutionaries nor for history mockers. A history to serve politics lasts not long.

Eritrea is home of braves, heroes and lovers. No matter who and what one did, it is by no means greater than the masses did. Eritrea belongs to the people and all individuals who contributed to the well being of today’s Eritrea are nothing but part of the masses and they did because the mass were willing to do so. And these domains within the given set are nothing but nurtured by the masses. And if these individuals are going to claim their achievements, it is only through the acknowledgement addressed by the masses. In fact, no one can claim for that, except the Martyrs. The said comrades can only be witnesses for what was done. And the history they have is not their own.

You are more than what you have done

Meditiation on life progress and its meaning to me!

(Originally written in 2012, but updated now after additional life experiences with the same message)

Today is the day
The meditiation day
To the gate of the chosen!

Not the end
Just, a reminder
For you
As a person,
From the many
who passed even without saying good-bye
To live beneath,
Not by choice, but, it is!

And now,
The next candidate…

But you can do something
Yes now
To bring your potential
befor putting it beneath
Far from us,

Not to blow out
But to share it,
Tomorrow may be hard
If you don’t share it.

Because still you are more than what you have done!

I am always worried about life asking which one is the wealthiest. Where it is? The natural resources available in the universe, in the banks, any place or in the pockets of the rich people? Can you tell me where it is exactly my dear fellow?

Where is the richness, please? I am asking you to give me the wisedom of richness.

Do you think that it is materialistic? That, you can find it simply on the surface of the earth, below the surface or far away in the universe? where is this wealth? Does any body can know it without knowing himself where this wealth is? Sure somewhere it is.

Just cool down my fellow friend.

Though it may surprise you, the richest deposit on our planet lies just few blocks from your house. If you are living in a closed house, world or self created prison, just I would kindly call you to go out and look around. It is not very far. Just spend some few minutes to walk around. I am sure you will visit, but you can not touch it. You can only look down and see the unseenable. Talk the untalkable. Speak, but don’t wait a response, just speak fast and then stop as long as you can.

Oh sorry, before you reach that place, hope you have started to meditiate and sending your radiation, magnetic radiation and start a reponse from deep within hearing the bib-sound of your heart. Oh my God,.., just here is the place wher such great wealthness just buried with such wise, great, with full of their love and kindness. Let’s contemplate with them and hear their whishper.

Do you know where you are exactly standing, I mean, the address of these people?

You may be a guest to meditiation, just to give you a relaxing music, here is their address…

These people rest in your local cemetery or graveyard. Buried beneath the soil within the walls of those sacred grounds are dreams that never came pass, songs that were never sung, books that were never written, paintings that never filled canvas, ideas that were never shared, visions that never became reality, inventions that were never designed, plans that never went beyond the drawing board of the mind and purposes that were never fulfilled. Our graveyards are filled with potential that remained potential. What a trategy.

Can we call them back or meditiate on them, to learn the wisedom they have within? Can we recall back their dreams and make them happen?

As I walk across the world these days, my heart frequently weeps as I encounter and observe the wasted, broken, disoriented lives of individuals who, years before, were talented, intelligent, aspiring high school classmates. During their youth they had dreams, desires, plans and aspirations. Today they are lost in a maze of substance abuse, alcoholism, purposelessness and poorly chosen friends. Their lives are aimless, their decisions haphazard. This enormous tragedy saddens me. What could have been has become what should have been. The wealth of dreams has been dashed into the poverty of discouragement.

And I see also for those who are beneath the surface. Whom they had great dreams. I contemplate on them whether their dreams can be reached one day and be the witness from where they are? Can they have a chance to come back and tell us what more need to be done? Can they come and tell us their way, the way they dreamt for?

And finally, can we come back to our selves and go on our dreams?

Just to remind you,

Only a minute percentage of the six billion people on this planet will experience a significant portion of their true potential. Are you a candidate for contributing to the wealth of the cemetery? Ask yourself the following questions.

Who am I?
Why am I here?
How much potential do I have?
What am I capable of doing?
By what criteria should I measure my ability?
Who sets the standards?
By what process can I maximize my ability?
What are my limitations?

Within the answers of these questions lies the key to a fulfilled effective life. Then, just go ahead.

In fact, one of the greatest tragedies in life is to watch potential die untapped. Many potentially great men and women never realize it because they do not understand the nature and concept of the potential principle. Only to those with good heart God can give them power to reveal their potential. And they die with full of good heart.

And then, you…

There’s a wealth of potential in you. I know, because My purpose of meditiation is just to help you understand that potential and get it out. You must decide if you are going to rob the world or bless it with the rich, valuabe, potent, untrapped resources locked away within you.

Tes, 28/11/2013, France

What not to ask and why?

Almost all ideas, scientific findings, political spheres, technologies.., etc revolve this way or that in one atmosphere. And this is RELIGION. Let’s cool down and spend some minutes exploring this sphere. In my opinion the goods, ill-roots of all life forms as well as worldly ignorance lies around this.

Should I encourage my self for such searches or still continue being an ignorant? I want to assure you one thing: “I don’t want to stop blaming such human searches, because high above this I need time to contemplate and appreciate life as it is.

Are you ready then to appreciate life as it is? If yes, you are with me and here it goes…

Through appreciation a strong force of attraction develops, and in this field of attraction, waves of LOVE are generated. Nothing is new, it was there, it is there and it will be there. But the question comes whether you are able enough to creat such environment.

Still you can feel this while reading and this is nothing but LOVE. And this LOVE always exists, Alpha and Omega. I am not quoting them as they are are direct, for most of us. For me, they have a meaning that I can only understand, and you can also, but only when the frequency of our waves are in complete match.

Then, you are feeling such powers of lfe and you can also have such power.

Hope we agree by principle that LOVE is enough by itself, as pure as it is, and at the same time, being the ultimate conqueror of all things. And yes, I came to know long time before, people saying LOVE is “GOD!” and I think the Holy Book also said it.

If it is true, then let’s apply a simple logic;


and LOVE = the Ultimate conqueror,

Then GOD = the Ultimate Conqueror.

But I am not sure how exactly will you understand what I am saying. Anyway, here it continues… Thousands of years passed questioning and defining God. But is it like what we think and address our question to the Almighty. Or do we need yet another time to solve the problem and reveal the secret of God?

By the way is it the main problem that we have and need to continue asking? Or have we other ways to deal with? Oh innocent creatures come and question the unquestionable. Nothing to fear from. I will dare to call you to have courage.

(Hope you remember my topic on Freedom and talking about courage)

In reality, God is not the problem; the problem is when we personalize God. And when we try to do so, just we get gods. Let’s just come to ourselves. This is what we are doing in reality.

We can awaken from our deep sleep and question the unquestionable, search the unsearchable, speak the unspeakable, with no taboos. We have complete freedom, the freedom that we don’t know that it may exist. Let’s explore the inner truth, to reveal the secrets of life and the Ultimate.

Let’s laugh as laughter is the only medication to human soul. Let’s stop crying, stop worrying, let’s not drop a single tear, but rejoice and live in ecstasy. That is what God wants from us even during the hard times.

Whenever I address my question to the outsiders, I always see misunderstanding, and instead of listening, they start to lecture me. I don’t want to ask a human being, as he also has same question like me. But, sadly, he pretends as if he has the answer for my question.

When I start to speak-out, just it is a spill of my excessive ignorance, so if you are upset with my share, please ignore me. I am just talking to my self.

Remember, I am not sharing to put your comments critisize or appreciate, just to. It is the way it is.

And, to digest the theme is not my duty, you know that….

The talk of the searching mind, TES!

Tesfabirhan WR.


Part II PFDJ Structures: Its Hardware and Software Network Dissection, Analysis and Thinking Beyond

Social Justice as a Mirage word

After its initial conception of 1840, and its immergence as a secular concept at international level in the 20th C, social justice created confusion in its adoption as a political tool. Despite its holy word coined in it, the practice got non linear application as it is supposed to do so. As a result many scholars started to doubt in its core values and started to question the unquestionable of its inner spheres.

One of the prominent scholars who coined an anticipated meaning of social justice is Friedrich A. von Hayek, in his book 1976 titled by “Law, Legislation, and Liberty: A New Statement of the Liberal Principles of Justice and Political Economy.”  Hayek came with a new words coined to the idea of social justice and he called it a “mirage.” a “will-o-the-wisp“, an “empty formula,”  “strictly,” “necessarily,” and “entirely” “empty and meaningless” ; a phrase that “meant nothing at all” , that “has no meaning whatsoever,” a vacuous concept; “a quasi-religious belief with no content whatsoever” , a “primitive anthropomorphism” , or “atavism,” a “superstition”, like believing in witches or the philosopher’s stone, or a “hollow incantation”, like “open sesame”.

What Hayek clearly stated was the tendency of social justice as a dream word just kept in sub-conscious level and expecting something good to happen. There, the fault is quite clear and the probability of attaining what it was said so matters on how much the dream can be memorized during the conscious way of life. This is quite clear as we see regarding Eritrean case. PDFJ dreamt, in fact, a good and holly dream; as it could have upgraded the life of every individual across the Eritrean society with all necessities installed and exercised by every born Eritrean.

Measuring Social Justice

If Social Justice is such a big opportunity for positive and negative sides, how then PFDJ is living by painting the hollow word (as Hayke said it)? This is quite simple advantage that PFDJ got a chance to hide within. First; the masses societal structure and basic needs and second, at international level, especially like the United Nations, where they put justice as their core mission and visions in the whole world.

In this article, I will give you the major components of Social Justice Index parameters and based on this, I will put my analysis by comparing of the realities that exist and what it is reported. Fortunately, PFDJ got a safe haven to hide his dirty works under the umbrella of millennium goals and got an appreciation of achievements for most of the goals proposed by the end of 2015. Though, the reality is different, what at least PFDJ tried to fool the people and world community worked till recently. And this is what it makes the Eritrean case more secret and unexplored.

OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and development) has six criteria for measuring social Justice Index. These indexes are grouped as; poverty, education, labor, social cohesion and non descrimination, health and inter-generation. These parameters are the mothers for the millenium development goals (8 goals and to be achieved in 2015). But here, the list is for general indicator not a specific project and what the country under test is indexed based on certain criterias given. As we can see in the table, each one is also having its won parameter.

Table 1: Social Justice Index


Social Justice Index Parameters in the eyes of PFDJ

Then to start the analysis, let’s start the macro-economic policy of PFDJ, The Macro-Policy (1994) underscores the overall importance of human capital development to national development by making broad provisions for the development of lifelong and life wide educational strategies which will bring about widespread learning in the Eritrean society at large. In respect of education, the following objectives are set out in this national document: To produce a population equipped with the necessary skills, knowledge and culture for self-reliance and a modern economy; To develop in the population: self-consciousness and self-motivation, to fight poverty, disease and all the attendant causes of backwardness and ignorance; To make basic education available to all.

Even though human resource development was put as the major priority, its educational policy was only drafted for the first time in 2003. The national policy which was drafted 10 years after independence contains two fundamental guiding principles for the provision of education in Eritrea. Firstly, the policy shows a clear commitment to lifelong learning as stipulated in the following points: Education is a fundamental human right and a lifelong process by which all individuals are given opportunities to attain their potential as all rounded citizens. Secondly, the policy shows full commitment to the development of human capital thus: Eritrea’s greatest asset is its people: revitalizing citizens with relevant education and training is the only means by which the overall socio-economic development of the country can be achieved.

And in the contrary, the land which was owned by 80% of the entire population was declared as state property. According to the proclamation no. 58/1994, its main objective was to reform the system of land tenure in Eritrea, to determine the manner of expropriating land for purposes of development and national reconstruction, and to determine the powers and duties of land commission. Does it look great idea to have such people’s property, but not having a policy on how to develop the human capital? Is it really a justice, a justice of taking the means of survival and not allowing them to open their eyes?

Anyway, let’s come with analysis of land proclamation 58/1994 and its implication under the PFDJ era. According to PFDJ, social justice is material possession and just not allowing one to die without reaching any near-bye clinic. The first thing, regarding material prosperity, it is as if every person has the right to have a piece of land. And to fulfill this plan, they proclaimed a land policy in 1994 which states, “All land belongs to the state.” Under this property snatch, the land became under the state. The society became officially under the mercy of the big land lords. And the new land lords got an entire powerful tool to manipulate and use as their way of exercising as big missionaries in distributing the property to the people. Hence, people changed from owners of land to receivers of land.

Imagine now, according to FAO 2014 statistics, 77.77 % of the entire population lives in the rural areas (out of 6.33 million total populations). Then for the sake of social justice, about 78% of the entire population became direct victims of redistribution of property policy. And according to FAO country profile, the arable land and land under permanent crops availability per person is 0.4 ha. This area is only meant for those people who are actively engaged in agriculture for their daily life. Having this as a background and assuming normal climatic conditions, the total food produced during good rainy season is only 60% of the total country demand. From then we can easily leant that the land distribution system or the material share of country exposes the people to famine unless importation is done to balance the shortage.

Parallel to this, PFDJ has self-reliance in its economical philosophy. And this concept blocks any trade that tries to minimize the gap of the food shortages. This is what the country experienced for the last 14 years. I am counting 13 years, to be more lenient and to count from 2001, as a year of official birth of totalitarian system. I did not forget the poor and traditional system of agriculture practiced by the farmers in their small agricultural land, nor did I mention the shortage of agri-inputs. If we count all these, then what Hayek said is even less harsh. Farmers were not able to get primary materials and equipments. In the PFDJ hardware structure, there is Ministry of Agriculture, which is supposed to assistant farmers in all aspects. But, instead of assisting the farmers, at least in the extension service, the office was changed into tax-collector and fuel distribution center, fuel for those who produce vegetables and fruits. Not only this, the office also served as a spy in collecting information on the amount of products harvested by each farmer during the harvesting time. You may wonder why this spying is needed. It is quite clear; those farmers who produce more than what the regime decided as personal consumption per year, the rest will be taken at a lower price, usually at half price; the rest will be collected and redistributed to the people. In fact, it never reached to the people; rather, it was given to the military.

To make it short, first land was taken by the state, the state distributes to the people in small plots of land, and the farmers composing of 78% of the entire population try to produce food [usually a luck], and then again a quota is dictated for the annual demand by each person and the excess is collected. This system which mainly focuses on material distribution created dependency and LORD of the LAND, called Men’Gsti, all capable, that can give and take what it wants. For this then, as Hayek called it, a dangerous superstition.

PFDJ Celebrated scholars

  1. Eqbal Ahmed

It is no doubt that Eqbal Ahmed was such a highly caliber scholar of modern politics. He moved from Pakistan to USA, fought in Algeria and thought in many universities and lectures throughout his academic career. He was a political visionary deeply rooted from historical and developmental perspective. But why PFDJ took him as a celebrate scholar in their political propaganda?

I remember his book titled, “Confronting Empire” written in 2000. That book was re-printed in PFDJ printing press and was distributed for free in every corner of the country. I read that book in 2008 and discussed with fellow colleagues. What I read and learned from that book was quite different from what we were supposed to understand. The objective was quite clear at that time. PFDJ was attacking US day and night, in all his propaganda spheres and for that, a tool was required and people need some proofs for accepting what it is said. From this point of view, college students were the primary target to have and debate about such books which speak about imperialism.

But, what is the message inside the book? Was it what the cover only tells? How deep was Iqbal Ahmed against injustice in his critical writings? Was he a consciousness opener, or a propagandist, just based on hate? These are my simple questions to explore Iqbal Ahmed after 6 years.

Iqbal was against injustice, exploitation, war, oppression and above all peace and prosperity. His critic to US was not for the sake of political consumption, it was a call to awareness to the world. But, PFDJ tried to exploit his book against USA propaganda, as imperialist. They did not understand what Iqbal was saying to them, they did not understand that they are worst than any on this earth oppressors and racists. I recommend them to re-read the whole entire content what message it has. Actually, now it is too late to do that. They are gone, GONE FOR EVER from the political life of Eritrea.

Here is a biography of Iqbal Ahmad written By Edward W Said on The Guardian, Friday 14 May 1999 (


Eqbal Ahmad, perhaps the shrewdest and most original anti-imperialist analyst of Asia and Africa, has died, aged 66, in Islamabad following an operation for colon cancer. A man of enormous charisma and incorruptible ideals, he was a prodigious talker and lecturer.

He had an almost instinctive attraction to movements of the oppressed and the persecuted, whether in Europe, America, Bosnia, Chechnya, South Lebanon, Vietnam, Iraq or the Indian sub-continent. He had a formidable knowledge of history, always measuring the promise of religion and nationalism against their depredations and abuse as their proponents descended into fundamentalism, chauvinism and provincialism.

Ahmad was a fierce, often angry, combatant against what he perceived as human cruelty and perversity. During his last years, he dedicated himself – quixotically it would sometimes appear – to the creation of an alternative university in Pakistan, named Khalduniyah after the great Arab polymath and historian whose comprehensive view of the human adventure Ahmad sought to embody in a curriculum solidly based in the modern humanities, social and natural sciences.

Born in the Indian state of Bihar, he and his siblings left for Pakistan in 1948; before that, his father was murdered in bed over a land dispute, as the boy lay next to him, a traumatic event Eqbal would cite when he attacked material acquisitiveness.

In Lahore, he attended Foreman Christian College, became briefly an army officer, then went to the United States in the mid-1950s as a Rotary fellow in American history at Occidental College, California. He entered Princeton in 1958 with a double major in political science and Middle Eastern studies. He got his PhD in 1965 and, during his Princeton years, went to Algeria, joined the FLN, was arrested in France and established a cultural centre in Tunis.

During the 1960s, he taught at Cornell and Chicago, and was among the first fellows of the anti-war Washington Institute of Policy Studies (IPS). In 1969 he married Julie Diamond, a teacher and writer from New York, and between 1973 and 1975 he established and headed the IPS’s offshoot in Amsterdam, the Transnational Institute.

Ahmad was an early and prominent opponent of the Vietnam war, and in 1970 was tried with the Berrigan brothers on a trumped-up charge of conspiracy to kidnap Henry Kissinger – on which he and his alleged co-conspirators were acquitted. In addition to his outspoken support of unpopular causes (especially Palestinian rights), Ahmad’s uncompromising politics kept him an untenured professor at various universities until 1982, when Hampshire College, Massachusetts, made him a professor. He taught there until he became emeritus professor in 1998, dividing his time between New England and Pakistan.

During these years he travelled all over the world. Arabs, for example, learned more from him about the failures of Arab nationalism than from anyone else. In 1980, in Beirut, he was the first to predict the exact outlines of the 1982 Israeli invasion; in a memo to Yasir Arafat and Abu Jihad he also sadly forecast the quick defeat of PLO forces in South Lebanon. He was a relentless opponent of militarism, bureaucracy, ideological rigidity and what he called ‘the pathology of power’. He was consulted by journalists and international civil servants about abstruse currents in contemporary Afghanistan, Algeria, Iran, India, Pakistan, Angola, Cuba, Sri Lanka and he had an encyclopaedic knowledge of the US.

No one who saw him sitting bare-foot and cross-legged on a living-room floor, conversing genially until the early hours, with a glass in his hand, will ever forget the sight or the sound of his voice as he announced ‘four major points’ – but never got past two or three. He loved literature, especially poetry, and the sensitive and precise use of language, whether it was Urdu, English, French, Arabic or Farsi.

Ahmad was that rare thing, an intellectual unintimidated by power or authority, a companion in arms to such diverse figures as Noam Chomsky, Howard Zinn, Tariq Ali, Ibrahim Abu-Lughod, Richard Falk, Fred Jameson, Alexander Cockburn and Daniel Berrigan.

Immaculate in dress and expression, faultlessly kind, an unpretentious connoisseur of food and wine, he saw himself as a man of the 18th century, modern because of enlightenment and breadth of outlook, not because of technological or quasi-scientific ‘progress’. Somehow he managed to preserve his native Muslim tradition without succumbing either to the frozen exclusivism or to the jealousy that has often gone with it. Humanity and secularism had no finer champion. He is survived by Julie, and their daughter Dohra, a graduate student at Columbia.

Eqbal Ahmad, political scientist and peace activist, born 1933; died May 11, 1999

More reference:

2. Noam Chomsky

Chomsky came in the attention of PFDJ political life as a libertarian socialist, Sometimes called social anarchism or left libertarianism is a group of that promote a non-hierarchical, non-bureaucratic society without private property in the means of production ( This is a good propaganda tool for their one-man centered philosophy of dictatorship in putting all properties under their control. Similar to Eqbal Ahmad’s works, Chomsky’s specific works were of major source information in PFDJ propaganda. As Libertarian socialism is a perfect tool in removing capitalist system of economics, private freedom, waged labor, social gathering and by controlling means of production.

In addition, Chomsky is known for his anti-American hegemonial dream, which made him known to public during Vietnam war and his connection with many revolutionaries of 1960s and 70s. His inclination to arachist communism is also an advantage for the self claimed ideology of the PFDJ, the social justice. One thing that the Eritreans are not allowed to know about Chomsky is his work on science and technology. Just the ill-intentioned information that fullfills their mission was provided to their readers.

Here is a short biography of Noam Chomsky compiled from wikipedia.
(For more information read:

His full name, Avram Noam Chomsky was in born December 7, 1928 froma middle-class Ashkenazi family in US Philadelphia, is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, logician, political commentator and activist. Sometimes described as the “father of modern linguistics”, Chomsky is also a major figure in analytic philosophy. He has spent most of his career at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where he is currently Professor of Emeritus, and has authored over 100 books. He has been described as a prominent cultural figure, and was voted the “world’s top public intellectual” in a 2005 poll.

Chomsky developed an early interest in anarchism from relatives in New York City. He later undertook studies in linguistics at the University of Pennsylvania, where he obtained his BA, MA, and PhD, while from 1951 to 1955 he was appointed to Harvard University’s Society of Fellows. In 1955 he began work at MIT, soon becoming a significant figure in the field of linguistics for his publications and lectures on the subject. He is credited as the creator or co-creator of the Chomsky hierarchy, the universal grammar theory, and the Chomsky-Schützenberger theorem. In 1967 he gained public attention for his vocal opposition to U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, in part through his essay The Responsibility of Intellectuals, and came to be associated with the New Left while being arrested on multiple occasions for his anti-war activism. While expanding his work in linguistics over subsequent decades, he also developed the propaganda model of media criticism with Edward S.Herman. Following his retirement from active teaching, he has continued his vocal public activism, praising the Occupy movement for example.

Chomsky has been a highly influential academic figure throughout his career, and was cited within the field of Arts and Humanities more often than any other living scholar between 1980 and 1992. He was also the eighth most cited scholar overall within the Arts and Humanities Citation Index during the same period. His work has influenced fields such as artificial intelligence, cognitive science, computer science, logic, mathematics, music theory and analysis, political science, programming language theory and psychology. Chomsky continues to be well known as a political activist, and a leading critic of US foreign policy, state capitalism, and the mainstream news media. Ideologically, he aligns himself with anarcho-syndicalism and libertarian socialism.

Meditiation on Reconciliation

Is reconciliation an academic exhaustion?

What can we learn from Afganistan in this kind of not-exit strategy?

Is reconciliation the end means of the justice seekers, or juctice by itself is?

For me, Justice is the ultimate outcome of Rule of Law, not reconciliation as a means to justice. Reconciliation is excuses, excuses of those who joined their hands in making injustice.

By the way, excuses to whom, and from whom? The politicians for the politicians? From the creators of the injustice to the creators of injustice?

Hashewiye do koynu? bhashewye enteziwidae eko dehan neru, dildul begi’e enber kedili eyu netom mengognatat (Shimageletat). Wey gud, why this supposed middlemen are spending their energy in watching what is happening, as if they are btsu’At kem Pilatos)? If it is for academic exercise, let it be with whole research package and scrutnize who should be reached for what. and from this point of reconciliation is needed for individuals, individuals who need psychological treatments, not political treatments.  And by all means and under such circumstances, Inviduals should be reconciled by Rule of Law ruled by the society.

But the society is always free and do not want such dirty hashewiyetat. because, there is no time to be spend except to come back to normal life and lead their life. The politicians, who really mut their part in the misery, should come in the court and be examined by law. No excuses are needed for such individuals. They should come and see what justice looks like.

For this, we should not be afraid. The society has his own means. And those who say we are free and we want excuse for each other, oh, who is a third citizen from the same society?

Let’s ask our academic excercise before we go to implement our office model. If not, the end result is worse (Remember Amanuel Kant, “The end justifies the means”) and that is what we see a round table politics and never to end.