Law of the Jungle and my Search to it

Part I

Rule of the Jungle and My Search to This

Tesfabirhan Redie

France 31/12/2013

My New Year gift to all my friends is just ideas. I know everyone is busy in saying “Good Bye to 2013 and saying welcome to 2014.

But, me, as usual, thinking deeply and meditating in life from all dimensions.

I am still feeling all the sorrow that I had for the whole year after losing my beloved brother and in addition to this, the loneness that I experienced was not an easy especially being away from home. But, yet I have to go on thinking as usual.

And for those who had a good 2013, may 2014, be with double happiness and a prosperous year. Let joy shower your soul and your spirit be conquered by love.

After saying this,

Here is my sharing idea and of course it will continue, but for 2013, it is just enough. I want to say this year good-bye by contemplating on ideas and to be ready for 2014 in all dimensions. I am promising myself to write more articles aiming at fighting and exposing PFDJ for the sake of Justice back home.

Enough is enough! No Eritrean should pour a single tear. It is enough and it is time for family re-union. But this cannot be achieved from wish-full thinking, let’s act together in whatever we can.

I don’t want to mess your New Year party, but if interested, I wish you a good reading time.

Here it goes…

I was always wondering what type of ideology is the current ruling tyranny in Asmara follows in his guidance. I remember one student asking to the political instructors of Cadre school in Nakfa this same question in 2008.

Ahferom, the school director, responded by saying, “the political ideology followed by PFDJ is SOCIAL JUSTICE.” Since then, I tried to look into this ideology if it was really in implementation or not. And I came to find many clues on how the ideology is being tried to be implemented. And this is by tracing how the word “Social Justice” is used in Information Medias and community based works and organizations.

In a new and organized form, since 2002 or may be later years, the word, SOCIAL JUSTICE, in Tigrigna translated as , “Mahberawi Fithi” became a mouth piece of daily news and political propaganda.

I was not aware in detail what it means before, but from mid 2008 on-wards, I started to give a special focus on how the term is coined in the daily lives of the Eritrean Society. Sadly, the majority, including me, consider the term as safe as it sounds. The reason is, the social norm of our society was such a kind where sharing, social campaign and mutual help are such a long standing character of the society. As a result, when the ruling regime use it, it is not easy to pick-point it as a political ideology.

In the ground, just as the way the daily administration is running, the society was tired of the “Kupons” and “Dukan Hidri, as well as “Tumur Mahres” In addition, terminologies like community health center, community recreation center, community kinder garden, community courts, community hospitals, campaigns, etc, were and still now common words to hear.

Such terminologies which became part our daily life, inside and abroad conquered our daily activities. And the worst is, those who fight for democracy to prevail in the country are using them unconsciously in performing for their organization campaigns. I am saying this, because, in many political parties and civil organizations, “Social Justice” is one of the major objectives. And this is creating similarity at least on the surface as well as information diffusion. 

Here is then my interest to dig out what a social ideology is and how it is implemented. Months before, I had posted a document which tries to speak about social justice. But, my understanding was so shallow that today I came to understand neither of the existing ideologies was followed by PFDJ. The reason is “Social Justice and the way PFDJ regime is trying to us has a different approach.

Then, what we will be next?

Having this question in my mind, I continued to search the political life of North Korea. I did this because; it has been now almost a decade to compare Eritrea and North Korea in a number of issues. As a motive then, I went to their political philosophy and I came to know, what they have is different. A political ideology that I never heard of, “JUCHE IDEOLOGY”.

After reading a number of articles on Juche Ideology, I came to understand similarities between the political systems. Under this consciousness, i came to realize the terms used by DIA were not his.

To mention some, “Self-Reliance”, “nation first”, All for national sovereignty”, “National security”, “Technically minded youths”, “Politics of our own nature and based on our experience”, “one man centered leadership”, “one idea” etc… The list is infinite.

But, yet, I found that NK has a constitution based on their own ideology. Then, what is going on in Eritrea?

Question after question will throw me of course into the jungle, where I can only find the address of PFDJ ruling elites. No ideology, no constitution and no definite political line. And of course, they have “Rule of the Jungle.” Anyway,

To help my argument, I will post a serious of 8 volumes on an ideology followed by North Korea, called “Juche Ideology” as a base and then I will have my own analysis by reviewing critically, what Juche ideology and Social Justice is.

Here is a paper extracted from an article written by Grace Lee published in Stanford Journal of East Asian Affairs, volume 3, Spring 2003, titled by, “The political philosophy of Juche”

The Political Philosophy of Juche

The political philosophy known as Juche became the official autarkic state ideology of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) in 1972. Although foreign scholars often describe Juche as “self-reliance,” the true meaning of the term is much more nuanced. Kim II Sung explained:

Establishing Juche means, in a nutshell, being the master of revolution and    reconstruction in one’s own country. This means holding fast to an independent position, rejecting dependence on others, using one’s own brains, believing in one’s own strength, displaying the revolutionary spirit of self-reliance, and thus solving one’s own problems for oneself on one’s own responsibility under all circumstances.

The DPRK claims that Juche is Kim II Sung’s creative application of Marxist-Leninist principles to the modern political realities in North Korea. Kim II Sung and his son Kim Jong II have successfully wielded the Juche idea as a political shibboleth to evoke a fiercely nationalistic drive for North Korean independence and to justify policies of self-reliance and self-denial in the face of famine and economic stagnation in North Korea. Kim II Sung envisioned three specific applications of Juche philosophy: political and ideological independence, especially from the Soviet Union and China; economic self-reliance and self-sufficiency; and a viable national defense system.

This paper begins with a discussion of the three key components of the Juche ideology – political, economic and military independence – as promulgated by the DPRK. The second section is a discussion of the ideological origins of the Juche philosophy, followed by a third section on the philosophical bases of the Juche idea. The paper concludes with an examination of Juche as a political body of thought and an evaluation of the success with which Juche policies have responded to the political and economic realities of North Korea.

Key Components of the Juche Ideology

The governing principles of Juche were clearly expressed by Kim II Sung in a speech entitled “Let Us Defend the Revolutionary Spirit of Independence, Self-Reliance, and Self-defense More Thoroughly in All Fields of State Activities,” which he delivered to the Supreme People’s Assembly on December 16, 1967. In it, he declared that

” …the Government of the Republic will implement with all consistency the line of independence, self-sustenance, and self-defense to consolidate the political independence of the country (Chaju), build up more solidly the foundations of an independent national economy capable of insuring the complete unification, independence, and prosperity of our nation (Charip) and increasing the country’s defense capabilities, so as to safeguard the security of the fatherland reliably by our own force (Chawi), by splendidly embodying our Party’s idea of Juche in all fields.”

… To be continued


Lee G. 2003. The Political Philosophy of Juche. Stanford Journal of East Asian Affairs, Volume 3,  Number 1.