Part IV and V
My reflections on part II
Still I am on part two my friends.
Did I say 70 staff members stranded in one office while I was trying to talk on the food security policies and its hollow propaganda?
Did it look shallow analytical approach for my justification?
It is so bizarre when I just mention such numbers from far. But, let me go in. I am not in doubt that we have a common understanding on human capital, sure it is with no doubt that human capital is a multiplying factor when it is utilized properly. I said in part III just those 70 staff member just visit, sign and quite the office. How do you feel when you walk up from your bed, eat your breakfast, dress properly and just leave your sweet home to sign? This is for you, on individual level, just a feeling and sure it is a destruction.
And at office level, it is just non functionality. Look then how these individuals which are non effective get multiplied.
At this time, speaking safely, each sub-zoba has around 70 staff numbers. At zoba level, zoba Anseba has 14 sub-zobas, then simple arithmetic, 70 x 14 = 980, approximately 100 Agricultural scientists and at national level, 55 x 70 = 3850 capable scientists are just sign the daily attendance and leave. 3850 agricultural scientists!
And in the other hand, 80% of our population is considered as farmers. In fact, today, the number reaches almost 90%. If there is business, people usually bow to the mother land, to take what is available there. Did you hear ERI-TV broadcasting an x-taxi driver changed to a farmer? If the a taxi driver quited his profession, then there must be something wrong in the down town. No one is there, and he could not get clients. Then he could have forced to step-down and search something that he can eat. Oh, what else is available to feed his family?
Did you see and conclude as I did, almost 90 % of the entire Eritrean population spending in search of something to eat. Even the taxi driver. And long time before, as a pretention of national development programme, the national service members joined agricultural activities. These soldiers, organized in the form of units started agricultural activities in every corner of the country. Can you calculate the number, I mean, their total number?
The villagers are for sure there. Even if the taxi driver is changed into a farmer, then what less can be left behind without being engaged in farming?
See then the paradox: the city dwellers being changed into farmers and 3850 agricultural scientists just visit and put their signature?
Where is then agriculture? Where is the scientific means of producing food?
For the time being, let’s just consider those 90 % are able to produce more than enough farm products?
Then let me ask you very simple agricultural related questions?
Are these farmers using scientific means of farming?
Is environmenat aspect put into consideration?
What type of product is being produced?
Is there any means of processing technologies, both in the raw materials and secondary agri-producst?
How is the quality aspect of the agri-products?
What is its economic significance?
Is farming continued in the tradition way or not?
My reflections on part two are a bit extensive than I can say. The concept is very much complicated and it touches every aspect of the policy, economic policy, national security policy, social policy etc. And the way I tried to put my reflections may look so shallow and probably one dimensional. From far, it may look so. But it is not.
I call you to have a look deep into the Eritrean matters and go beyond emotional judgments before judging what you are reading here. Come unto yourself and make your own counting on how the Eritreanization policy affects Eritrean daily life. That is the only way that we can draw a deep understanding on what is going on around us.
In fact, PFDJ policy is of dependent by nature on making black businesses. Consequently, no clear image can be drawn on what is going inside Eritrea unless a critical observation is done by every individual. Regarding me, my approach; from general ideology to specific sphere of applications.
Are you ready? Let me go further to the JUSHE ideology.
Chawi: Military Independence
In this regard, Juche tries to elaborate the military independence as the foremost area in maintaining the peace and security of a nation. It asserts that;
The last area of independence is self-reliance in defense, a characteristic fundamental in Juche philosophy to an independent sovereign state. The North Korean attitude towards military confrontation was summed up in this manner by Kim II Sung: “We do not want war, nor are we afraid of it, nor do we beg peace from the imperialists.” The decidedly belligerent policy of countering any perceived “imperialist moves of aggression and war” with violence was seen as the best way to defend national independence and to win the revolutionary cause. The implementation of this self-reliant defense system would involve the mobilization of the whole country and the complete inculcation of ideology in the armed forces. Those who were not directly taking up arms were to contribute to the construction and maintenance of the domestic defense industry and remain ideologically prepared, so that the home front would be united in a sense of socio-political superiority.
Although Kim II Sung conceded that foreign support played a secondary role in the holistic war against foreign “imperialists” and “aggressors,” he heavily emphasized that the decisive factor would be the preparation of internal domestic purposes. Thus he pledged the government to prepare the Korean people and the army thoroughly and ideologically to cope with war and to make full material preparations to defend the country by relying on an independent national economy.
I am not a military analyst, but as I have seen the last 18 years of Eritrean military development, one can easily read what was going on inside Eritrea. We have been told day and night that the foreign intervention will keep in danger the Eritrean sovereignty all the time and the only solution is to keep people alert. And nothing is more haven that to build the military and make them ready for all possible solutions. Did you read from this simple paragraph of Chewari (military independence) is easy to protect against imperialist. Throughout the cold war period and years before, the notion, “Imperialist” is so common to be heard by the eastern block to attack and weaken America. Then in the Eritrean case, just the word imperialist “is absent and replaced directly by America. And parallel to this, Ethiopia named as a first hand for the implementation of American interest in the region.
Keep an eye on this politics.
Unlike the cold war and Maoist-Leninist mind set, the word “imperialist” in Tigrigna ‘tsioninet’ is absent and instead just America is present. A word game!
And do you know the propaganda?
Just simply, “American Interest in our region.” So funny for a peasantry politics. Eti kedem wutsuat diyom zibehalu nerom? The oppressed in English.
It is not different but just a modern concept of the cold war of handling internal politics. The trick is, “for oppressors, there must be a self created enemy. I am not denying what the Americans may think politically to keep their interest in each region, but, I am stressing on an illusion created to build something that you want. Then, come back what steps were taken to have this independence. Sawa military training center, the WiÁ, Mietir, Hashferay, then minor centers for militias. Just 6 million people with such big military training centers. And do you have an image on the average number of people who got trained every year in all these centers?
Let’s take just a minimum average youths and recently old, as old as 50 years get training to join the military force: 20,000 people and multiplying by 18 years, we have 360, 000 people got full military training. And plus, informal military training such as for militias, those who try to leave left is it under estimation? Sure it is, but to be just aware, let the number be as it is.
Then, we have those who got training in the form of “short-cut,” militias. The number is beyond one can imagine. No reliable statistics is available on the Eritrean demography (I don’t know why they did not make it public, though every family, from south to North and from East to West is registered because of KUPON), but if we consider the Eritrean population who live inside Eritrea is 5 million and those with age between 40-55 constitute 10% of the entire Eritrean population, then 500,000 are in the militias. This is in fact true if we see what happened recently in all parts of Eritrea. Starting from 2012 onwards all Eritrean men who are in governmental civil services and those who were excused from military due to different reasons were forced to have a gun and be public soldiers (Hizbawi Serawit). Though they stay around their village or home, they fulfill all obligations what a shoulder should do; training, regular attendance, and security services.
Then just by minimum and simple mathematical calculations, Eritrea has 860, 000 soldiers (360,000+500,000). Just this is a simple calculation.
Sure some innocent people may say, already 100 thousands abandoned the military force and this number is non-existent. Come on buddy, this is mimimum number by doing all possible cancellations. If we consider those who departed their military position and those who are in prison centers, the number will be almost 50% of the entire population, almost 2,500,000 soldiers who got a chance to be enlisted in the ministry of defense.
Therefore, just these 860,000 soldiers are now fully equipped and active members who reside inside. Oh my GOD!
Then this number will make Eritrean number one in Africa in its military resources. I am saying number one, by comparing the ration. Probably some, in fact very few African countries might have such big numbers, but when we see the percentile ratio, (860,000/5,000,000 = 17.2%).It is a big number.
Just for comparison, suppose Ethiopia has 3 million soldiers (not true, just for calculation) and if its entire population is 70,000,000, it could be higher in fact now a days), the percentile ratio is 4.3 %.
Be careful my friends, number is not the major factor to be one strong or weak in military science. My objective is not to compare Eritrea is having this and Ethiopia like that. My objective is to see how much Eritrean population is in military. And from this, we can easily draw the application of militarization in the Juche ideology. Regarding this, Eritrea perfectly matches to North Korea.
Please refer some materials on military capacity of North Korea.
One thing to remind you, my assumption is as if the Eritrean military is under normal circumstances in which a soldier should be. The factual in the ground is different. How equipped the soldier is, how well feed the soldier is, how well paid the soldier is, etc, just lets be optimistic regarding this. Just let’s consider what a normal soldier is.
Cherki zelewa, cherki zeybila diyom zibluna nerom abti werarat.
And worse is their approach. Juche as its guidance says,
The North Korean attitude towards military confrontation was summed up in this manner by Kim II Sung: “We do not want war, nor are we afraid of it, nor do we beg peace from the imperialists.”
And in Eritrea it is the same. The news medias are saying, we need peace, and in the ground military build-up never stopped. Then what is the job of a soldier? 860, 000 are trained to fight not sing a beautiful song or marsh for a honor of a king or a leader. If there is no war, they do not have jobs and by all means they need to work. Then how can a man be fooled by such propagandas.
Sure one blind observant may say Eritrea is in ‘No war, No peace” situation.
Come on guys. See a good example, the great example available in this planet, how South Korea went beyond this, while North Korea remained under such psychological mind.
Anyway, the discussion could be with non-stop, but I have to say ok from this onwards, go on what you know or what is available in the information media.
And probably it is repeating between Eritrea and Ethiopia. I do not read much about Ethiopia, because of the hate built within me by knowing what they did to us during the 30 years war and more, on the false image we acquired after 1998 till now.
But, now, I am trying to look not only in Ethiopia but in all Africa and beyond on what is going on in the ground. And for my surprise, OMG, I found myself being fooled. What a stupid mind is. Really stupid. It is true and very clear now not to make friendship with one who hates something. Can you guess why? ….
Don’t worry; it is because he is a good teacher on how to hate others. I hope I will make friendship from now onwards with who can teach me on how to love, not on how to hate.
And worse, when you hate, the brain stops to analyze things. And this is what PFDJ succeeded in his 20 years propaganda.
And the opposite is true. If you live with one who teaches love, the universe is open to give you all the wisdom available.
Oh my fellow brothers, I need to continue to say something on how the ideology is originated and the philosophy that builds it.
Origins of the Juche Philosophy
There are three major schools of thought regarding the origins of the Juche ideology. The first of these is the instrumental perspective, which emphasizes domestic and international relations factors. The second perspective focuses on the influence of traditional Korean politics. The last viewpoint considers Juche to be original political thought stemming directly from the life experiences of Kim II Sung.
The instrumentalist viewpoint focuses on both domestic and foreign political factors as the root of the Juche ideology. Some scholars believe that Kim’s unstable power during an immediately following the Korean War caused him to deploy ideological purges in order to consolidate his political position, using the Juche principle of national solidarity as a domestic instrument of personal cult-building. To this end, Kim II Sung forbade any other ideology from being discussed or taught in North Korea. Since the content and application of the Juche ideology were very ambiguous until the late 1960s, Kim II Sung was the only one who could successfully wield and implement the philosophy. Thus, implementing and executing policies based on Juche effectively consolidated Kim II Sung’s absolute political power and indirectly provided ideological justification for his dictatorship in North Korea.
Perhaps more saliently, Juche as the guiding principle of foreign policy was utilized as a means of balancing power between the Soviet Union and China, and as a means to curb the Soviet and Chinese influence in the country. Kim’s wariness of Sino-Soviet involvement in North Korean domestic affairs was exacerbated by his personal dislike of the Soviets and the country’s national inferiority complex towards major powers. Kim became uneasy about the Soviet Union’s gradual movement towards peaceful coexistence with the United States in the 1960s. However, because of the economic and military aid Pyongyang was receiving from Moscow, as well as Kim’s professed value for unity in the Marxism-Leninism struggle against imperialism, North Korea continued to support Soviet positions on most issues. Gradually, North Korea began to use the Juche tenet of foreign non-intervention and national self- determination as an ideological excuse for cordoning off its governance from Moscow and Beijing. Eventually, North Korea repudiated both the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China as a socialist imperialist state, accusing its leaders of abandoning pure Marxism-Leninism principles to pursue capitalist gains.
… it continues